Each built their own roads to help the military and built walls, for instance the Great Wall of China in Han China, to protect themselves from invasions. The economy of each civilization differed because Han had much recourse while Rome only had metals. This gave Han a great boost because they did not have to rely on other countries as much. Rome and Han shared the same social view of the male
The importance of politics in China can be shown because, in order to live a good life you need to be part of the society, politics in India did not develop because of the structures implanted in the caste system, (regional political units were often highlighted). The importance of politics in China can be attributed to Confucius belief, that in order to live a good life, one must participate in politics. In India, due to the caste system, there really was no need to have a strong political system like China’s. Present time in India it seems that there is a stronger political system than caste system, but in China there is still a stronger political system. In both Han China & Gupta India, there were some similarities in their imperial governments.
The legalists believed that having an efficient and strong government would bring social order. An ideal ruler in the legalists mind was someone who used law to keep order and rewarded those who carried out their roles in society correctly. Also the ruler should punish those who were noncompliant. One distinguished leader of the Qin and legalist rule was Shi Huangdi who defeated all the opposition that came his way. He stopped anyone who wished to invade China and subsequently doubled the size of China.
Source A states that “they extended many of the reforms to the whole country”, but they did not describe how Qin Shi Huang and Li Si extended those reforms. However, Source B is rather critical of Qin Shi Huang’s rule and says that Qin Shi Huang used “skillful diplomacy, outright bribery, espionage, and brutal military conquest” to unify China. It was also mentioned
During the Sui dynasty, the Grand Canal was built and it was a waterway that connected Northern china to Southern China. The Chinese had already had local trade amongst societies, but maritime trade had boosted their economy because they had quicker access to more trade. Advancements in technology also
Consequently, many opposing scholars were killed in Xianyang. The legalism philosophy of Qin Shihuang justified strict rule to increase the empire's strength and the dominance of the emperor and his top rulers. They wanted to standardize even the people's thoughts, thinking that standardization would promote his power. Qin’s strong belief in the legalism philosophy is the major reason why he
The Chinese Open Door Policy was a major event in recent Chinese history, because The Open Door Policy that was argued for by John Hay’s Open Door Notes, advocated an impartial system of taxation to set up a system of equal trading rights, and prevented European nations from carving China into separate colonies. Although the Open Door Notes was not written with Chinese interests at heart, it greatly benefited China in the long run. The Open Door Notes was a very influential document in Chinese history. Written at the turn of the century by Secretary of State, John Hay, the Open Door Notes was a letter that was sent to all nations with interests in China. After acquiring the Philippines, the United States gained interest in the vast resources of Asia.
Korea and Japan observed the political systems of China, particularly the T'ang Dynasty and its court, and applied them in different ways to their own cultures. Both countries adopted a similar court and political hierarchy system. Each possessed a ruling dynasty and a bureaucratic system. However, these entities altered several aspects of the Chinese bureaucracy. Korea prevented peoples to hold a bureaucratic office, rejecting the Chinese value that any able, intelligent person with a strong Confucian education can hold office.
During the period of 600-1450, China rose as the most influential state in East Asia. This is because, and because of this, many other states borrowed heavily from Chinese culture. Japan and Southeast Asia were two of those that borrowed a lot from China. They both borrowed rituals and the religions, Buddhism and Confucianism from China. They also borrowed the system of a bureaucracy from China.
His ideas have been the basis of the Chinese culture. The reason why Classical China was so successful, is because of Confucianism. This philosophy improved education in China. His way of living brought order into the Chinese society, and it also changed the government structure. Confucianism not only focuses on education but it reveres it.