The mother chimpanzees were the ones that were always with the babies holding them and cradling them. When I made my observations at McDonalds I noticed that most of the people that were with their children were the mothers. At the zoo, I noticed that the only ones interacting with the baby chimpanzees were the mothers. One great example of this was when the babies were hungry; I noticed how similar females are in the sense that both the chimp and the human had to nurse the baby in order to feed them. The only difference I noticed with this, was that the lady I observed nursed her baby with a blanket over her for privacy.
The last time he pulled a trick in class he got kicked out and sent back to the cave where all the monkeys were; but anyway it’s good to have a brave leader. Another reason is that he is very generous. Usually his risky actions are for his monkey people to be safe. Like he went to Master Subhodi to learn how to be immortal, but he also did it for his monkeys to also live forever. Because if you could live forever you would want some friends with you, right?
Richard Preston also went into detail about Rhonda’s dream of the monkey injecting her with its blood. These details created fear. It made the reader suspect that the monkey was going to bite someone and cause an enormous Ebola outbreak. NANCY JAAX- Nancy ripped a hole in her glove while working in bio4. Preston created fear by informing the reader of Nancy’s thoughts.
Other works with monkeys show us they can distinguish between object and subject in a sentence. We presented categories with similarities, but we have others that show us the differences between primates and humans. When we speak about sharing and cooperation, we can see they live in small groups but the difference is humans need their family until he or she can survive all alone. In contrast, the other primates don’t need their family because they have instinct and they learn to eat themselves since they are babies. Last but not least, we can remark differences between both behaviors in the category of mating and leinship.
Outline and evaluate evidence for intelligence in non-human animals Intelligence is defined as the ability to acquire and apply knowledge. Psychologists have exploited this concept in many ways to try and determine whether non-human animals are capable of intelligence. From social learning it is logical to assume that, since non-human animals are able to both acquire and use new behaviours, they must be intelligent in some way. Woodruff and Premack (1979) observed chimpanzees and found that they have the ability to intentionally deceive their keepers. Having seen their food hidden in one of two containers, the chimpanzee indicated to the keeper which container she wanted.
Feeding the baby makes it more comfortable and therefore crying is learned through negative reinforcement. Over time the pleasure of being made comfortable by being fed becomes associated with the primary caregiver. The baby has now learned to cry and get the primary caregivers attention, and it feels pleasure when the primary caregiver is present. Research evidence such as Harlow’s Monkey study (1962) rejects the idea of learning theory as an explanation of attachment. According to the learning theory, the monkey should have spent more time with the wire monkey as it has food therefore a way the baby can become attached to its mother.
At the beginning of Goodall’s essay her observations are very simple, unbiased and scientific, for example she wrote “I watched the chimps at the msulula tree of temporary, constantly changing associations of individuals within the community was substantiated. Most often I saw small groups of four to eight moving about together. Sometimes I saw one or two chimpanzees leave such a group and wander off on their own or join up with a different association. On other occasions I watched two or three small groups joining to form a lager one.” (395) As her essay continues her observations become more bias, an example of this is when she writes “I saw on female, newly arrived in a group, hurry up to a big male and hold out her hand toward him. Almost regally he reached out, clasped her hand in his, drew it toward him, and kissed it with his lips … Once two tiny infants pulled on opposite ends of a twig in a gentle tug-of-war.” (397) These words are loaded with bias I assure you, the way she describes a “kissed” hand sounds almost romantic.
Another form of communication that deals with sexual desire, intimacy, and fellowship is grooming. Now in captivity researchers take communication to a more advance level. American Sign Language, also known as ASL is one way researchers have communicated with chimps. Another way chimps in captivity learned language was called a symbol-laden keyboard, where there were pictures of objects. Coco, who is a chimp that was in captivity was taught ASL and in the end was able to communicate with 300 signs.
Alloparenting is found quite often in some primates, they are seen as “extra” parents. Alloparents care for the infant through “grooming, touching, and holding”. Some of the reasons for an alloparent: if the mother dies, alloparent becomes the “baby-sitter” to the offspring, and alloparents teach other females how to tend to infants. The main goal is to reproduce healthy