The architecture of diverse parts of Asia developed along different lines from that of Europe; each having different characteristics. In many Asian countries a pantheistic religion exists; where there is a strong emphasis on nature as a focus of spirituality, where God and the universe are synonymous. There are many elements of pantheism in early Hindu religious texts and some forms of Buddhism (16). Which led to architectural forms that were designed specifically to enhance and be part of the natural landscape (15). Buddhist architecture, in particular, showed great regional diversity.
The Medieval Cathedral in its Cultural Setting 1. How was the medieval cathedral related to its: a.) political b.) economic c.) social, and d.) religious setting? The cathedrals built during the medieval era were related to many aspects of medieval life due to the fact that the construction of a single cathedral was such a large production, let alone the construction of dozens upon dozens in Europe’s towns and cities.
Also visible in this cathedral are the very calculated and geometrical compound piers which, according to Pitt University, are types of piers that are composed not of single members but have shafts, half-columns, or pilaster strips attached to them. These piers, along with magnificent stone relics and reliefs, allowed for the common person to come into the cathedral and fully experience the wonderment of their God, even being illiterate; as many people were back in the 1000s. Many of these features are shared in the later, Gothic architectural style that started in the late 1200s. Gothic cathedrals share the same grandeur as
Third it is known for the flying buttresses that were used to let the outward thrust of the vaults go gracefully to the ground through a series of arches. These were essential to allow the large distinct Gothic windows to be placed in the walls without losing strength. The flying buttresses were a big architecture advance in this time. If these were not invented Gothic would of never of been the same. There are many gothic churches that are still found throughout Europe today.
In the top central dome would a figure of the all-ruling Father, Below him usually around the dome’s base would come the angels and archangels followed by the saints on the walls. The congregation would be found in the lowest realm. The Virgin Mary would often be found in one of the half-domes covering one of the radial arms. Thus a microcosm of the universe was formed within the church walls. Byzantine art did grow from the art of Ancient Greece but with some significant differences.
The first gallery, the Whispering Gallery, just inside the dome, is renowned for its acoustics. The second gallery is the Stone Gallery and the third is the narrow Golden Gallery, encircling the lantern's base. The baroque interior is just as imposing as the exterior of the church. The mosaics on the ceiling were added in 1890 by William Richmond after Queen Victoria complained that there was not enough color in the cathedral. Several famous people are entombed in the cathedral's crypt.
The building of huge cathedrals in the middle ages was seen as a reflection of faith. Churches started to give out indulgences- forgiveness of sins to people who helped to build the cathedrals, so often instead of going on crusades people became dedicated to building
The term gothic is known as; noting or pertaining to a style of architecture, originating in France, and then spreading far and wide around the world, having an impact on values and the needs of the society. It is characterized by the use of the pointed arch and the ribbed vault, by the use of fine woodwork and stonework, by the progressive lightening of structure. Gothic art was pertaining to a style of architecture, which meant the society’s values and needs had to have reverence or relation, they had to belong or be connected as a part of possession or attribute and they had to belong properly and fittingly. Many towns, countries and cities all around the world are affected by the architecture of buildings and themes, such as gothic. English cathedrals were usually set in wide open spaces, and therefore they may be viewed as isolated units from a distance where the effect is that of great length and narrowness.
The Baroque Period was the age of reason when minds and imaginations opened up new worlds of scientific knowledge as well as artistic creativity. (Fleming, 75) The Baroque era was a period of opulence and magnificence that gave off a powerful awe inspiring style that was full of flamboyant concepts and overall dramatic quality. From Venice, as well as from Rome and the centers where international mannerism flourished, the roads to Baroque art fanned out in all directions. The style of Baroque art was so diverse that it’s difficult to determine what classifies it as being art of the Baroque era. Although Baroque art has many diverse artistic manifestations there are certain general characteristics that appear in all three types of Baroque art.
In Mexico many monuments are build to show the power of the religion and to control the population. Churches were built in urban spaces. There were many architectural influences in colonial architecture, like Gothic and Baroque “Gothic architecture is seen in religious temples prior to 1570. The type of construction is as a fortified church, polygonal, vaults, barrel, and a sober exterior treatment, bare walls and crenellated tops. As examples we can cite the Franciscan convents of Huejotzingo or Calpan San Andres.