The Shang, Zhou, Qin, and Han dynasties The Shang dynasty was founded in 1600BC. It was the second hereditary dynasty in China. Shang was originally considered a myth, until they were discovered because the Chinese pharmacists sold oracle bones created by them as dragon bones. This dynasty marked the beginning of the development of writing. In addition to the development of writing, Iron casting and pottery were also advanced in Shang.
The trade patterns remained the same in previous years. Not only goods and products were traded through out years, but even more importantly was the cultural interactions and diffusion that took place. For instance, the Muslim empires adapted paper money from the Chinese. This was very important when most of Asia was taken over by the Mongols. Kublai Khan expanded the network of the Silk Roads, trading heavily with the Dehli Sultanate and Ilkhanate to the south and south west, appropriately.
The bricks made from mud, because the desert climate surrounding the area caused a lack in natural resources like wood and stone. The Sumerians also used copper and bronze to make stronger weapons and tools like knives. The Sumerians invented the first known form of writing called cuneiform. That definitely changed the world around us because without Cuneiform the system of writing could be very, very different. Chinese civilizations developed the most advanced form of writing.
Non food crops such as silk were being produced on a very large scale (Hays, 2010). In addition, works of art and porcelain were also traded for ivory and other types of goods. The song dynasty This was a time of great social, economic and political change. Political changes: This was an era of administrative sophistication, where the central government employed thousands of workers to service postal stations. It was majorly divided into the northern and southern dynasties (Hays, 2010).
Chinese goods flood global markets. These include living goods, toys, electronic product, clothing etc. a large percentage of products are made in China. China has kept the role of number one of exporters in the world and accumulated a great amount of wealth. China has $1900 billion currency reserve in the foreign markets.
Mineral wealth flowed out of Moroë and luxury goods in Arabia and India flowed in When Roman Empire thrived, trans-Saharan route revived as one of the most important trading routes connecting Africa and Eurasia. During the days of this era, Africa supplied Italy with gold and wild animals, and Rome supplied luxury goods and some of the techniques from scientific product to city-building. The major change of functioning of trans-Saharan route was brought about by the use of the domesticated camel and the development of camel saddle. some camel bones have been found recently in the Senegal valley helped archeologist assume that the use of camel dates back to 300 A.D. Guide by Berber, which have begun in trade between northern Africa and kingdom of Ghana in about 500 A.D also helped the route thrive, ensuring safe trade passage. [ Through this development, the usage of trans-Saharan routes increased, and enabled Eurasian people to contact more often with southern Africa.
 In the late Middle Ages, transcontinental trade over the land routes of the Silk Road declined as sea trade increased,.  In recent years, both the maritime and overland Silk Routes are again being used, often closely following the ancient routes. Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the great civilizations of China, India, Ancient Egypt, Persia, Arabia, and Ancient Rome, and in several respects helped lay the foundations for the modern world. Though silk was certainly the major trade item from China, many other goods were traded, and various technologies, religions and philosophies, as well as the bubonic plague (the "Black Death"), also traveled along the Silk Routes. Some of the other goods traded included luxuries such as silk, satin, hemp and other fine fabrics, musk, other perfumes, spices, medicines, jewels, glassware, and even rhubarb, as well as slaves.
Qin Shi Huangdi was able to annex all seven states and bring them under his control. As he ruled, the First Emperor had a long lasting influence on China. He reorganized the political and legal systems and added supplementary changes to consolidate China as he standardized the system of Chinese units of measure such as weights, measurements and currency were standardized. The currencies of different states were standardized to Ban Liang Coin which allowed easier importation and exportation with traded goods. He also worked with standardizing the Chinese system of script as he removed variant forms within the Qin script.
Fine Arts Appreciation HUMA Student: Calvin Chu Qualities of Jade/ Chinese Jade Vase (The Crow Collection of Asian Art) Jade is more than a mineral, it is an ideal. Chinese empire was built around this stone, well known as the ‘’Haven of Stone’’. It was more precious than gems or gold in China Empire and was also consider an overpass between earth and sky. In ancient Chinese saying: "You can put a price on bullion, however jade is beyond price. ", because jade has huge influence in ancient Chinese people and many Chinese consider it has remedial and even supernatural powers.
In contrast, the development of the Saharan Caravan trade route was quite different to the Silk Road’s development throughout time. The development mainly was dependent on the rise of the empire of Ghana. The Mediterranean economies where short of gold and so they could supply salt to other countries those were short of it. The Saharan Caravan trade route also developed because of the slave trade. This made a huge contribution to the development because a large number of Africans were sent to the north, to serve as slaves or domestic workers.