Discuss how the economic environment in the US culture was changing. How did the changes affect the toy industry and Gilbert? There was a higher demand for low cost, low quality toys that A.C. Gilbert couldn’t compete, until the point where the company introduced 50 new toys for different age groups and toys for girls and preschool children. Although the company tried to change and adapt to the rapidly changing industry, their low quality toys hurt the company a lot, because of the high return rate on some of the poorly built toys. 5.
This gave birth to new consumers, new demands and a segue into a different change of pace for families all around. According to Andrew J. Dunar, chair of the Department of History at the University of Alabama at Huntsville, in 1946, 3.4 million babies were born only to increase to 4 million by 1952 (Dunar 174). This wasn’t a shock to America either, with the veterans coming home and a new outlook on life coming out of the depression, it wasn’t farfetched that people were ready to settle down and start creating families. This boosted and stabilized the economy immensely by the demand and purchasing of child necessities like cribs, bigger vehicles, clothes and toys (Dunar 175). It didn’t stop there though because as those children grew they were still marketable consumers which
This means children are now expensive to have and people do not have the money to have as many children as they used too. Medical advances have been a consequence to the changes in population. Due to improvements in midwifery and immunisation, the infant mortality rate has decreased significantly. This now means partners do not need to have as many children as it is more certain their child will live through their childhood. This was not the case at the beginning of the 20th century.
She doesn't believe that the 50's should be taken 'literally' because from the 50's there were changes in values that caused racism and sexism discrimination against women. Many of the existing social problems could have been avoided or ignored. Racial conflict was intense in many places, but many suburbs were exclusively white. The poverty rate was higher than today, but at least it was falling. Teenagers had more babies than they do now, but access to good jobs-even with only a high school education-enabled young men to marry their pregnant girlfriends.
The lack of education leads to further development of barriers such as a financial barrier and poor lifestyle that makes them unable to provide for themselves and their child. Most jobs that do not require a high school diploma only offer a minimum wage and do not offer adequate benefits to meet all medical needs. “key indicators of health, infant mortality rates and low-birth weight rates, were elevated when infants were born to mothers who were less educated” (Flores et al,1998). Considering that statement I believe that the biggest barrier affecting this vulnerable population’s health is education. Vulnerable mothers that do not finish getting their education become discouraged and loose the motivation and drive to tackle the oncoming challenges that life brings, creating for them another barrier on the micro level; it being a financial barrier.
Thirdly, single parent families created after an increase in the divorce rate greatly increased the demand of day-care centers and preschools. Besides the above three reasons, we see a changing trend in family structures as well. With increasing mobility, families are traveling more which takes the children away from their relatives which otherwise would have taken care of them in their parents absence. Families are now getting Nuclear; consisting of one or two parents with their child, which is actually declining the influence of Extended Families, which is a network of family members that is beyond the actual family such as aunts, uncles, and grandparents. Though the need for child care for working parents became quite important and thus gave rise to the early childhood education, the other main reason behind its popularity are the studies which revealed that such educational programs leave a lasting effect on the children from disadvantaged backgrounds.
Without a change, all women would still be living life as a housewife like Lucy from “I Love Lucy” (Lamb) Divorce rates have increased since the 1950’s and the couples are getting divorced under different circumstances. Parenting styles and household structures have also changes since the 1950’s (Elliot). During the 1950s, divorce was not widely accepted, so marriages we stronger during this time. Marriage rates in the 1950’s were at their highest in this time period compared to the years prior (Elliot). In the 1950’s, interracial marriages were not accepted or legal in some states.
At stage 2, the DTM starts to change, with the total population increasing, due to a fall in the death rate and a still high birth rate. This can be seen in many developing countries now, such as Ethiopia, and many others from Africa. The death rate falls due to an increase in the availability and effectiveness of healthcare, and also due to an increase in the mechanisation of work, causing less people to die while working from accidents. The birth rate however remains high, as it takes time for the population to fully realise that less children are dying, and therefore they do not need to have as many children in order to support themselves. Another reason due to the high birth rate in countries such as Ethiopia is the lack of use of contraceptives.
Article 25 says that “The state promotes family planning so that population growth may fit the plans for economic and social development”, and Article 49 states that “Both husband and wife have the duty to practice family planning”. In fact, the constitution cannot enforce jurisdiction directly in China, so the government has published many treaties, rules and ordinances to execute this policy, and finally in 2001, there was a law for family planning. However, as there is a serious decline of newborns and the population growth was slow down, China has lost benefits because of the large population. This means that the labor cost is gradually becoming higher, and the productivity of the whole country is a slowing down. Also, the aging society has become a big problem in China, which is only a developing country.
An MEDC would be in stage four or nearing the end of it where and LEDC would be in the early stages. To start the comparisons I will talk about the difference between death rates and birth rates in both types of country. In MEDC the birth rate is low due to wide access to contraception and family planning, women are choosing to pursue a career which leaves them with less time to bear and look after children. In an LEDC the birth rate is high because the more children a family has means the greater the work force to go put and earn money. LEDC have a higher