Jains are strict vegetarians and live in a way that minimises their use of the world's resources and do not believe in wasting. Jains choose a profession and livelihood that does not involve violence to self and other living beings For Jains the purpose of life is to release from the cycle of rebirth therefore, by following these main principles leads to the path of liberation (moksha). Jain Beliefs Jains do not believe in a creator deity that could be responsible for the manifestation, creation, or maintenance of this universe. The universe is self regulated by the laws of nature. Jains believe that life exists in various forms in different parts of the universe including earth.
More importantly, the two highlights non-violence. With regard to their disparities, the foremost difference is on their view on Karma. Although both religions believe in the concept of Karma’s universality, Jainism specifies that Karma is not the effect or result of the person’s actions. Karma is perceived as a true substance that freely flows throughout the human body (jiva). Buddhism concretely believes that karma is the direct effect of one’s own action.
One of the primary guiding principles behind Jainism is the concept of ahimsa. Ahimsa literally translates to avoidance of himsa, or violence.2 Ahimsa is the Sanskrit word for non-violence but in the Jainism faith, takes on much more than that. “A phrase often found in contemporary Jain literature is Ahimsa paramo Dharmah (“Nonviolence is the highest form of religious conduct”)” (Young 106). For Jains, ahimsa does not just extend to physical violence, though obviously includes it. The concept extends itself to mind, not thinking violent thoughts, speech, not saying violent or harmful things, and body, not to commit physical acts of violence.3 Again, at the heart of ahimsa lie the premise of avoidance of “injury to sentient beings
Mahavira declared that man can get freedom from the cycle of birth and death by practicing the following principles, namely, Right belief, Right knowledge and Right action. He rejected the authority of Vedas, objected to Vedic rituals and the supremacy of Brahmins. * Impact of Jainism: The main doctrine of Jainism was non-violence or Ahimsa. When the Kshatriyas accepted the faith, they gradually lost their fighting spirit. They became docile and this had a bad impact on the political life.
Reincarnation is the re-birth of the soul or the re-birth of the Atman. Reincarnation is considered a failure to Hindus because you didn't reach Moksha. You can be reincarnated as basically anything. The best this to be is a human because its closest to Moksha. Also an animal, plant, or any object depending on your previous life.
In order to understand any religion one needs to understand their history and how they flourished. Similarly, to get a better understanding of Buddhism and Jainism one needs to understand their origins and theology. The main aim of both the religion was to find a substitute way of achieving salvation in life instead of the ritual bound Brahmanism way of Hinduism. First, Jainism is amongst the many oldest practicing religions found today and like its counterparts it has a deep history attached to
University of Phoenix Material Four Yogic Paths and Jainism Worksheet Complete the table by comparing the forms of Hinduism and contrasting them with Jainism. | |Jnana Yoga |Karma Yoga |Bhakti Yoga |Raja Yoga |Jainism | | |The spiritual |The spiritual |The spiritual |The “royal” |Teaches the | | |discipline of |discipline of |discipline of |discipline of |immortality and | |Explain the Meaning |knowledge and insight|selfless action |devotion to a deity |meditation and |transmigration of the | |of the Name | | |or guru. |control over one’s |soul and denies the | | | | | |mind |existence of a perfect| | | | | | |or supreme being. | | |express philosophical|Focuses on the |Purify one’s self by |To purify one’s mind |The universe is | | |and religious ideas |adherence to duty |making us to look |from worldly troubles|eternal and goes | |Explain the Basic |that arose in |(dharma) while |outward, beyond |through meditation |through cycles of rise| |Concepts |introspective and |remaining detached |ourselves, to another| |and fall. Our | | |meditative traditions|from the reward |object of affection | |existence is just a | | | | | |
Furthermore, Taoism is based on a life principle called the art of wu-wei. This principle advised that the best way to conduct oneself in life was through inaction. One does not need to be aggressive to make things happen or to win battles. On the other hand Confucianism is a philosophical, religious, movement with an emphasis on studying and scholarship. It also teaches the Tao of Heaven and provides moral training that is quite religious.
If we take to violence we will not be able to reach God after we die, unless we repent. Some chief exponents of non-violence are Mahavir Jaina, Gautam Buddha, Ashok and Mahatma Gandhi were the chief exponents of non-violence.Mahavir Jain and his followers were strictly no-violent. They were wearing thin pieces of cloth on their nostrils to filter air to breathe in. Because they feared that worms might get into their bodies and die. Still to this day, the jainas follows the same principle.
Something that all religions have in common is that they all believe they are doing the duties of their one God to better each other in the long-run. They all have a sense of community and with that, it provides them with group cohesion and an identity, this is how rituals and traditions have been passed down for centuries from one generation to the next. During this semester I have learned that a religion can; define you, physically be you and can affect someone's way of living. In the Catholic faith, there are many ways I can relate to the teaching and the effects because I've been taught about it since I started school. Catholics are also known as Christians, who believe that “Jesus Christ” is the Son of God.