When alcohol acts on the CNS, intoxication occurs, affecting emotional and sensory function, judgment, memory and learning ability. Smell and taste are dulled. The ability to withstand pain increases as the BAL rises. Different parts of the brain seem to be affected by alcohol at different rates, creating alternate periods of restlessness and stupor. Long-term effects of alcohol on the central nervous system include tolerance, dependency, and irreversible damage.
Changes in the activity of the dopamine system are associated with reduced motor skills and impaired verbal learning. Studies have also revealed that chronic use of methamphetamine causes severe structural and functional changes in those areas of the brain associated with emotion and memory, which could explain many of the
This happens because the sudden elimination or decrease of a hormone in the body can lead to very serious health effects that can result to injury or even death. That is why discontinuation of anabolic steroids too quickly is an improper way to evade the effects of steroids as the withdrawal process comes with side effects of its own. These withdrawal symptoms are the long term effects that the athlete (steroid taking individual) will have to live with in the long run. Examples of some of these include apathy and depression, difficulty concentrating, insomnia, a decreased sex drive, joint and muscle pain &
* Antidepressants e.g. Cipramil – Work by changing the chemical balance in the brain that can change the psychological state of the mind such as depression. Side effects – blurred vision, dizziness, drowsiness, increased appetite, nausea, restlessness, trembling and difficulty with sleeping. These are the most common side effects. Other side effects can occur such as dry mouth, sweating and constipation.
The release of dopamine typically induces a sense of aroused euphoria which may last several hours. When we are stressed or under threat, the central nervous system prepares us for physical action by creating particular physiological changes. Amphetamines prompt the brain to initiate this 'fight or flight' response. These changes include, the release of adrenalin and other stress hormones, increased heart rate and blood pressure, and redirected blood flow into the muscles and away from the
In most cases, doctors can’t point to the exact cause. But several things are known to raise blood pressure, including being very overweight, drinking too much alcohol, having a family history of high blood pressure, eating too much salt, and getting older. Your blood pressure may also rise if you are not very active, you don’t eat enough potassium and calcium, or you have a condition called insulin resistance. What Are The Symptoms? High blood pressure doesn’t usually cause
The three major categories of drugs are stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens. Stimulants such as caffeine, cocaine, amphetamines, and nicotine speed up body processes, including autonomic nervous system functions like the heart and respiration rate. This increase in rate is accompanied by a sense of euphoria. Also all stimulants produce tolerance and withdrawal effects that correspond to the power of the drug. Depressants are drugs that slow are body’s function.
Certain diseases, surgeries, and habits make one more likely to develop this condition. As is suspected in this client, acute pancreatitis is most often caused by alcohol abuse. (Bare, B.; Cheever, K.; Hinkle, J.; Smelter, S., 2008). Symptoms of pancreatitis include abdominal pain felt in the upper left quadrant. This pain may become worse within minutes after eating or drinking, especially high fat foods.
Alcohol has a biphasic effect on the human body which means that its effects change over time. First, alcohol typically produces feelings of relaxation and cheerfulness then once you drink more and more it can lead to dehydration, coordination problems, blurred vision and even death. One of the worse things I think it causes to your body is dehydration, you need water to stay alive and basically alcohol just sucks it all up. Dehydration can lead to electrolyte an imbalance which is why you get headaches and feel dizzy afterwards. This is also why you get a headache in the morning because your brain swells up from lack of water.
Energy drinks may seem to give you a jolt of energy, but that are in fact very harmful to your body. Consumed in large quantities, health experts say, the drinks can cause nervousness, irritability, increased blood pressure, insomnia and when mixed with alcohol, especially whisky, they could lead to strokes. The high levels of caffeine and sugar have negative effects which include sleep deprivation, heart attacks, elevated blood pressure , dehydration, diabetes, strokes , and seizures. Energy drinks are simple beverages that contain some form of vitamins and other chemicals which boosts your energy for very short span. These energy drinks have lots of sugar & caffeine which provides us with energy.