Shingai Cooperation Organization Essay

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ded in 1996; after the inclusion of Uzbekistan in 2001, the members renamed the organisation. Contents [hide] * 1 Official names * 2 Membership * 3 Origins * 4 Structure * 5 Activities * 5.1 Cooperation on security * 5.2 Military activities * 5.3 Economic cooperation * 5.4 Cultural cooperation * 6 Summits * 6.1 List of Summits * 7 Future membership possibilities * 7.1 Current observers * 7.2 Dialogue Partner * 8 Relations with the West * 8.1 Geopolitical aspects of the SCO * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links | ------------------------------------------------- [edit]Official names The official working languages of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation are Chinese and Russian. The official names of the organisation in the two languages, abbreviations in parentheses, are: Chinese: * Simplified Chinese: 上海合作组织 [ Listen (help·info) ] (上合组织) * Romanisation: Shànghǎi Hézuò Zǔzhī (Shàng Hé Zǔzhī) Russian: * Cyrillic: Шанхайская организация сотрудничества (ШОС) * Romanisation: Shankhayskaya organizatsiya sotrudnichestva (ShOS) ------------------------------------------------- [edit]Membership Member States[1] Date | Country | Enlargement | 26 April 1996 | China | Founders | | Kazakhstan | | | Kyrgyzstan | | | Russia | | | Tajikistan | | 15 June 2001 | Uzbekistan | First | Observer States[1] * Afghanistan[2] * India * Iran * Mongolia * Pakistan | | Dialogue Partners[1] * Belarus * Sri Lanka * Turkey[2] | | Guest Attendances * ASEAN * CIS * Turkmenistan | | ------------------------------------------------- [edit]Origins The Shanghai Five grouping was originally created April 26, 1996 with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai by the heads

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