However, there are some arguments which oppose this suggestion as it can be thought that Henry VII’s reign was more of a development on previous policies rather than a system which differed from the earlier monarchs. Henry VII brought in several changes to the monarchy including the resurrection of the Great Council. The Great Council was a group of men who were carefully selected, unlike the larger councils, to discuss issues at the heart of policy making. Some examples of the policies it discussed are taxes and foreign affairs. The Great Council had been previously used in medieval periods by monarchs but it hadn’t been continued by other fifteen century monarchs.
The Babylonians is seen as the play which 'opens' the war against Cleon because it is the first political satire written by Aristophanes. Even though only fragments of the play remain, we know that The Babylonians centers on the criticism of Cleon due to remarks from ancient scholars including Dicaeopolis. Cleon was the Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War, who was strongly opposed by Aristophanes as he viewed Cleon as a warmonger and a demagogue. (Here it must be noted that contrary to Aristophanes view of Cleon many modern historian have the view that Cleon “… was a more wiser and more intelligent statesman, with a better reputation and a more just entitlement to fame and honour, than our principal authorities lead us to suppose.”) Knowledge of the context of the play, the opposing views between Aristophanes and Cleon (not to mention understanding that the most effective and appropriate way for Aristophanes to denounce Cleon was to write a satirical play) makes it obvious as to why Aristophanes has written a play to denounce Cleon. However due to only minimal fragments remaining of the original play, one cannot know exactly what
To what extent was royal support the most important reason for why Pitt the Younger dominated politics in 1783-1793? In December 1783 William Pitt the Younger became Britain's prime minister at the age of 24. Even though he was unexperienced in the beginning, he managed to dominate the politics. Many people believe, that the key to his answer was king George's support but I believe that it was his great financial policies such as Sinking fund, Commutation act and many others. Pitt's financial policies in this period revealed his genius.
The King used the India Bill as an excuse for a dramatic change in his government. In the beginning of Pitt’s rule, he governed a minority government. This was a great challenge for Pitt as he was young and inexperienced and facing the strong and experienced oppositions of Burke, Fox, North and Portland. However, we can see that with the King’s support, Pitt was able to gain more popularity amongst
How far did Cromwell succeed in enhancing Royal Power by 1539? (30marks) Thomas Cromwell started from quite humble origins, and managed to work his way into some of the most prestigious positions in England at that time. Cromwell stayed with Cardinal Wolsey when he fell from power, which proved his loyalty, which impressed Henry VIII. As well as his position in Parliament where he tried to reduce the power and influence of the church. It is now widely accepted that if his plans to enhance royal power and revolutionise the government were not far-sighted, his political and administrative skills were essential to their success.
Some of the more fascinating aspects of Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice are its reoccurring ideas of racism and anti-Semitism. The characters Shylock and Portia particularly evoke these ideas. Shylock is a creditor in Venice, and as the only Jew in the play which stands strongly for his race he indeed represents the Jew religion on which the theme of anti-Semitism is inflicted upon. Shylock’s obsession in monetary profit is a stereotype which Shakespeare uses as a symbol of Shylock’s Jewishness. Throughout the play, Shylock remains consistent in his unconditional adherence towards profit, the law, and his hatred for Antonio and the Christian race.
After the French Revolution though, the republic slowly began shifting to a totalitarian regime, first under the Committee of Public Safety and then completely under Napoleon Bonaparte .The facts show that the American Revolution was more successful in establishing a stable and long-lasting republican government that started a precedent for Europe, while the French Revolution’s republic failed to last, being turned into a totalitarian regime. Events leading up to the American and French Revolutions occurred for a similar reason: unfair representation. The people in the American colonies became progressively upset with Britain and its Parliament when they refused the colonists’ representation, while still imposing many different taxes on the colonists. Upset over this tax on one of their most valued imports, the colonists dumped all the tea into the Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Party. This showed that the colonists were willing, and able, to live without depending on the British government.
Shakespeare's biography, particularly his humble origins and obscure life, seemed incompatible with his poetic eminence and his reputation for genius, arousing suspicion that Shakespeare might not have written the works attributed to him. The controversy has since spawned a vast body of literature, and more than 70 authorship candidates have been proposed, including Francis Bacon, the 6th Earl of Derby, Christopher Marlowe, and the 17th Earl of Oxford. Supporters of alternative candidates argue that theirs is the more plausible author, and that William Shakespeare lacked the education, aristocratic sensibility, or familiarity with the royal court that they say is apparent in the works. Those Shakespeare scholars who have responded to such claims hold that biographical interpretations of literature are unreliable in attributing authorship, and that the convergence of documentary evidence for Shakespeare's authorship—title pages, testimony by other contemporary poets and historians, and official records—is the same as that for any other authorial attribution of
WHY SHOULD STUDENTS STUDY SHAKESPEARE? Shakespeare, one of the well-known and famous play writers for centuries around the globe whose plays are worthy for students to study. Shakespeare wrote lots of plays which are still broadcasting around the world by movies, dramas and shows for instance, Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare used brilliant literary devices in all of his plays, however, his plays are hard for younger students to interpret. Shakespeare’s plays were all written between the times when England was still using old English, so lots of students won’t be able to distinguish which words’ definition Shakespeare was referring to.
Machiavelli came up with the idea to write his book ‘The Prince.’ He wrote all the things that he observed from studying leaders during his time. This was something new that happened to him. This leads to skepticism. He wondered on how a ruler should rule to become a more successful leader. Furthermore, he began to study different rulers like Francesco Sforza, Lorenzo de Medici and Cesare Borgia.