The goal of any law enforcement philosophy is to limit crime whenever possible, and it is rather apparent that whatever the statistics may show, sex offenders have a recidivism rate that borders on a pathological need to commit additional crimes. Merely brushing this aside by saying after their prison term that they have paid their debt is insufficient in light of the emerging research; it must be studied further in order to determine what the most effective way to curtail sex offender recidivism is. The research problem I will examining is why sex offenders have a recidivism rate that is so much higher than other crimes. I will focus on scouring the published material to find out if there is some sort of hormone imbalance in the average sex offender, or if there is a commonality in their upbringing that pushed them to commit such horrible crimes. The goal will be to look for links between sex offenders that commit the crime once again after their prison term is over.
‘Outline and explain ways in which data about crime is collected’ Crime can be defined as deviant activities that break the law in any particular society. Finding out how much crime takes place isn’t easy, and attempts to measure crime can prove misleading. This doesn’t mean that crime statistics aren’t affective, but it does mean that no single measure can be fully relied upon. Many sociologists see crime statistics as a social construction, as collecting crime data is a result of the cultural expectations of society, and by understanding who commits crime and what sorts of crimes are committed, we can get a clearer picture of why people commit crime in the first place. Different sociologists have presented different theories and concepts to explain what drives a person to commit a crime, and research and statistics give us an idea of the type of crimes committed and the places that they’re most likely to occur.
We do not officially sanction the use of beating & torture or execution for sex crimes. The printing of sex offender on one’s driver’s license as well as posting of warnings on websites could be seen as opening the door to vigilante behavior. Personally, I have no problem, just some pause, with such notifications, but there may be court challenges by some civil libertarian groups in re to such practices. There are even sex offender advocacy groups, such as ReformSexOffenderLaws.Org, set up for the purpose of modifying/overturning laws they perceive as unfair. The disconcerting thing is that on some issues a valid point is made practically as well as
Running Head: LET’S TALK ABOUT SEX: THE OFFENDER LET’S TALK ABOUT SEX: THE OFFENDER: FINAL THOUGHTS Shara Anjelica Armprester Buffalo State College CRJ 470W Advanced Seminar in Criminal Justice Professor Glenda Kelmes December 13, 2011 Abstract Many of the policies created by the criminal justice system in the United States are created because of moral panic. In terms of the Sex Offender Registry Act there have been very little implication that ensure the convicted offender will not recidivate. Often times sex offenders location on the registry may be incorrect or community notification fail reach the community in which the offender resides. The recent concern with sex offender registry has been that punishments have been overboard and based on inaccurate measures of who the offender is. To be effective sex offender registries must be based on reliable evidence.
Running head: Analyzing Victimology Analyzing Victimology Carolyn Simon CJ:430 Psychological Profiling Professor Jason Lile February 1, 2013 “Psychological profiling has been described as an excellent tool for law enforcement; although it does not replace good investigative techniques it has proven to be useful” (Holmes & Holmes, 2009). Some techniques used by psychological profilers use to help during investigations are the inductive and deductive approach, criminal profiling and geographic profiling. The inductive approach to profiling is based on the theory that if crimes committed are similar, the offenders share similar traits (Holmes & Holmes, 2008). This method gathers information from past events to support broader generalizations. The deductive approach to profiling uses the crime scene and any evidence left behind to gather information about the offender (Holmes & Holmes, 2009).
Another example of how statistics from the police and statistics from victim surveys are different is because not all victims report crime to the police for many reasons and therefore create what’s called “the dark figure” (The number of crimes that go un-reported, we have no idea how big or small this number is). One last example of how they differ is that the victims are left to classify the crimes that they have been fallen victim to, which means that the classification may be wrong changing the statistics, whereas the recorded crimes get classified by the police. The advantages for using victim surveys to studying patterns of crime are: able to triangulate the accuracy of official statistics; may be more valid, as official procedures don’t have to be followed and victims have their own say; victims more likely to respond due to no fear of reprisal; can estimate the overall levels of crime, as unreported crimes are included; they have a high rate of comparability. These reasons allow us to see all of the advantages for helping to decide how useful victim surveys are in understanding patterns of crime. The disadvantages for using victim surveys to studying patterns of crime are: Not all
I This paper will discuss the process of behavioral analysis from a federal law enforcement perspective, focusing on the psychology behind the formation of the profile, the types of offenders it can assist in apprehending, as well as key examples from history where it helped out federal agents. The process of behavioral analysis has been implemented quite successfully by different departments in law enforcement, and is today viewed as a valid way to greatly narrow down the the suspect pool during an investigation. However, the process is by no means meant to specifically identify the exact person committing the crimes, the profile instead focuses on key behavioral and personality characteristics. In situations where speaking with the perpetrator is possible,
Crime Reporting and Reporting Crime: Uniform Crime Reports vs. National Crime Victimization Survey Vanicia Carr Roosevelt University Abstract The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) are two reports in which the Federal Bureau of Investigation uses to measure crime across the United States. Through traditional methods of collecting crime data to new and improve ways of collecting data the UCR/NIBRS program has been an important part of the FBI crime reporting, however, the program falls short on crimes not reported. With the development of the National Crime Victimization Survey data is collected on unreported crime. Weakness and strengths are presented on each program, with particular emphasis on domestic violence. The strengths of the NCVS outweighed the UCR/NIBRS program in measuring domestic violence.
He or she was consistent throughout the article by describing what happens while captured under the watchful eye of a trafficker. Nevertheless the author could have provided more facts to strengthen the argument. Sex trafficking is increasing which means that the government is not doing enough about the issue. The government designed The Palermo Protocol, an international crime control cooperation treaty which also contains measures to protect trafficked people and prevent trafficking. If the author would have gave facts like mentioning the Palermo Protocol and examples of negative and positive results the article would have been much more effective in not only expanding on the claim but also being less bias and identical to other
From researching my previous topic, I came upon two research journal articles by Henny H. Kim presenting opposing viewpoints about community notification laws. One is titled, “Community Notification Laws Help Prevent Child Abuse,” and argues that these laws have helped communities and neighborhoods by providing them with the names of released sexual predators, thus helping prevent repeat offenders from attacking other children. The other article, “Community Notification Laws Do Not Prevent Child Abuse,” states that these laws violate the rights of sexual offenders by punishing them after their time is served. Although these articles are small, only three to four pages, both present opposing viewpoints of community notification laws. This will become my main focal point of my