On July 2 1864 two Radical Republicans Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis wrote the Wade Davis Bill. This bill stated that Southern states could rejoin the union only if 50 percent or more of its registered voters swore an “Ironclad Oath” of allegiance to the united states. The bill also granted African Americans civil liberties however it did not give them the right to vote. It divided the South into five districts that would be controlled by Union military leaders. President
”The Scott Dred Decision” was the result of Scott Dread attempt to become a free man. He was a slave that was brought to Kansas from Missouri by his owner. Scott Dred claimed that, because a former owner had brought him to a free state for a several years, he was entitled his freedom. This was perhaps the most significant ruling in U.S judicial history. The court rejected Scott’s appeal, referring it to that African American doesn’t have any rights under the Constitution.
In the South it became known as the "one-drop rule,'' meaning that a single drop of "black blood" makes a person a black. Courts have also called it the "one black ancestor rule," or the "traceable amount rule," meaning that racially mixed persons are assigned the status of the subordinate group.  The term “mulatto” and “colored” were often used because whites needed to distinguish blacks from each other during slavery. Although the root meaning of mulatto, in Spanish, is "hybrid," "mulatto" came to include the children of unions between whites and so-called "mixed Negroes." For example, Booker T. Washington and Frederick Douglass, with slave mothers and white fathers, were referred to as mulattoes.
Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, and Tennessee passed laws requiring railroads to separate the races. Mississippi and South Carolina already denied the vote to Blacks and many other states were preparing to take the same steps. The 14th amendment plays a viable role in both Plessy vs. Ferguson and Brown vs. Board of Education. While the 13th abolished slavery and the 15th established the right to suffrage, it was the 14th, which supposedly guaranteed civil rights. The requirements of section 1 of the 14th Amendment left much of the jurisdictional issues (intentionally) vague as to the limits of federal and state laws.
In the bill, Texas gave up all the land that today makes up Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. They received ten million dollars for it. There was no mention of slavery when the territories were set up. That was to be determined later by the states themselves. Washington D.C. would no longer be permitted to trade in slavery, but slavery was still permitted in the Capitol.
The Missouri Compromise passed in 1820 contained a rule that prohibited slavery in states from the former Louisiana Purchase the latitude 36 degrees 30 minutes north except in Missouri. The Compromise of 1850 admitted California as a free state and ended the Slave Trade in the District of Columbia. One of the issues was the Fugitive
At the time, there were no law schools in Texas which admitted blacks. The court said that the law school to which Texas willing to admit Sweatt excludes from it’s student body members of racial groups which number 85% of the population of the state and include most of the lawyers, witnesses, jurors, judges, and other officials with whom the petitioner will inevitably be dealing with when he becomes a member of the Texas Bar Association. With a
Legally, in Illinois Dred was free to claim his freedom. In October 1837, Dr. John Emerson had been transferred to St. Louis, Missouri where he had left Dred and his wife Harriet behind to be hired by another master. This was Illegal under the Missouri Compromise. The Missouri Compromise stated that Missouri was allowed to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine was to enter the Union as a free state. The Compromise also drew an imaginary line at 36 degrees parallel.
Examples of these laws are as follows: 1. A law passed in Mississippi stated that former slaves or rather all blacks had to provide proof of employment every year in January from the previous year. If a black person failed to complete their obligation of a contract for employment, they would be subject to forfeiture of all monies owed and could be subject to arrest. 2. A law in South Carolina prevented black citizens from holding any job except for as a servant or farmer.
Using at least three sources (an encyclopedia, the Internet, or other resources), research the. Use your information to write a 750-word report. For your three main points, discuss: 1. the causes of the debates Senatorial campaign 2. The content of the debates slavery and extensions into other territories 3. The results of the debates Lincoln lost 54 to 46 During the year 1858 Abraham Lincoln, at the time a Republican candidate for the Senate in Illinois, and Senator Stephen Douglas of the Democratic Party participated in a sequence of seven debates.