The Catholic Church views sin in two ways. There are the mortal sins that endanger your soul and venial sins which are less serious breaches of God’s law. The Catholic Church believes that if you commit a mortal sin you lose the option of Heaven and are sent directly to Hell. In order to have a mortal sin an individual has to commit one of the seven deadly sins. The seven deadly sins are as lust, gluttony, greed, sloth, wrath, envy, and pride.
The gods believed that they were so intolerable that they express that, “sleep is no longer possible by reason of babel” (“Gilgamesh, The Flood Story” 23). The gods believed them to be loud and pesky, and found no solution fitting other than termination through inundation. The Bible’s account of the reasoning for the flood is much more in-depth and has a more deeply rooted meaning. God saw that there was evil in man’s heart, and He knew that to fix this problem meant to abolish man. While the Sumerian gods believed that people were pests, the Christian God believed people were becoming naturally evil.
As he said that in fact evil comes from angels and human beings who chose deliberately to deny and disobey what God had taught them, by turning away from him and what he had wished for mankind. Augustine believed that every human being was an offshoot of Adam and hence that every single person in the world is guilty of evil, this is as it was Adam who committed ultimate sin in the Garden of Eden. Augustine believed very strongly that evil should be punished. Therefore it was Augustine’s theodicy that said that natural evil in the world is a fitting punishment for moral wickedness. He strongly believed that evil is solely a result of human rebellion.
This was suggested as naïve optimism and unrealistic by anti-transcendentalists. They though that people who desired complete individualism would give rise to the worst aspects of human nature. Hawthorne in his story shows that relying on one’s self is a type of evil. An initial reading may show this tale to be about the idea that sin is in all men’s hearts and that there is a universal desire to keep it hidden. However much we may want others to be transparent, it is impossible because everyone wears a veil.
God is also very “discontent” he sees that mankind is not following the puritan community and feels as though they shall be punished by not being accepted into heaven but sent to hell, lastly God was “inconceivable”. Mankind did not know what God was going to do next to the sinners. In conclusion Edwards shows that God is all powerful and has total control over mankind
Misogyny, the hatred of women, began in Christianity with the story of Adam and Eve in which she is presented as the cause of all mankind’s problems. Due to Eve’s act of disobedience, all women are regarded as being morally and intellectually inferior; and, because Eve tempted Adam, all women are seen as evil temptresses whose main aim is to lure men away from God. Karen Armstrong says that this is not a “spiritually wholesome” idea because its “pernicious chauvinism” feeds on “hatred, exclusion and disdain” (22) of women, which is unacceptable in today’s world. The solution to the problem may lie in the fact that the Church fathers’ hatred is more like ambivalence. Even that arch-misogynist, St. Augustine, is best known for his one-line prayer: "Oh, Master, make me chaste and celibate - but not yet!"
His self-torture leads him to walk “under the influence of a species of somnambulism”, thinking irrationally in a way not like himself. His pent up agony causes Dimmesdale to act out in ways like this that could reveal his secret. Dimmesdale’s psychological agony partly stems from a form of spiritual alienation. As a minister, he has a close relationship with God and has a strong sense of spirituality. Due to his sin, his relationship with God suffers in the way that his sin separates him from the teachings of Jesus.
This book documented the acts of torture and violence against protestants, and would therefor be highly critical of those in high positions, such as More. More evidence of More’s lack of compassing and cruelty is that during his chancellorship, six people were burned at the stake. This brutal and common method of executing heretics showed More’s lack of compassion, especially towards those who did not believe in his faith, such as protestant reformer, Martin Luther. In a letter to Luther, More said “throw back into your paternity’s sh*tty mouth, truly the sh*t pool of all sh*t, all the muck and sh*t..”.
Further, the more one has sinned, the greater one will suffer. Based upon these premises Job was suffering tremendously because he was guilty of grievous sins. In response to Job’s questioning about why God has allowed this to happen to him Eliphaz asks a rhetorical question, "Can mortals be righteous before God? Can a human beings be pure before their Maker?" (Job 4:17).
Sin is an act frowned upon by most but done by many people anyway. It is unavoidable by some but others see those sinners as unfaithful and shall be condemned to hell. Through a palpable use of imagery, Donne pleads for his salvation and forgiveness of his transgressions from his God – a God which, in fact, echoes the wrathful lord of the Old Testament rather than the benevolent one of the New. Donne’s use of words like knock, blow, burn, break, imprison and ravish all give his poem a clear picture. He selects these choice words to depict how intense his prayer to be forgiven really is.