The seeds of a removal program were sown in the series of negotiations with southeastern tribes that began with the first Treaty of Hopewell in 1785. Many citizens of the southeastern states, especially Georgia, believed that the federal government too often made concessions to powerful, well-organized tribes such as the Creeks and the Cherokees. In 1802, when Georgia was asked to cede the lands from which the states of Alabama and Mississippi would later be created, it did so only after extracting a promise from federal officials to "peaceably obtain, on reasonable terms," the Indian title to all land within Georgia's borders. In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson saw an opportunity to both appease Georgia and legitimize his controversial Louisiana
As early as the beginning of the 16th Century, French expeditions to the New World had already begun. They hoped to settle in Brazil and Florida but the Spanish quickly booted them out of those regions. France also hoped to seek territory in the Americas for a place that certain religious groups could settle. In 1562, Jean Ribault and 150 Protestants from Normandy were finally able to establish a settlement on Parris Island in South Carolina. However, when the colony failed, other French expeditions settled further south in Florida and made friendly ties with the local Indians.
President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the president of Mexico at the time, started to move the governmental system of Mexico towards a dictatorship. This in conjunction with the annulment of the constitution of 1824 early in the year of 1835 cause compelled large numbers of federalists to revolt. Though Texas was a part of Mexico at the time, many of its residents were used to a federalist government paired with vast amounts of freedoms. One of these freedoms that these residents missed the most was freedom, and the right, to own slaves. The Texians became quite displeased with Mexico’s shift towards centralism and their abolition of slavery in 1831.
Some slaves gained their freedom during and after the war also some of them received land bounties. The slaves the joined the British forces gained their freedom and went to Canada and other places that British controlled. Sadly American Whigs killed a lot of the slaves for aiding British forces. While slavery was abolished in the northern states, the southern states with the majority of black slaves refused to free their slaves. But by the end of the Civil War in 1861 almost all of the slaves were free.
The Indian Removal Act was also very controversial, while Native American removal, in theory, was voluntary. In reality, vast amounts of pressure were put on Native American leaders to sign removal treaties. Most observers’ weather they were in favor of the policy or not, were aware that the passage of the act would mean the inevitable removal of most Indians from the state. From 1820 to 1824, Jackson was instrumental in negotiating 11 treaties; which deprived the eastern tribes of their land in exchange for land in the west. As a result of the treaties, the United States gained control of over three-quarters of Alabama, and Florida, as well as parts of Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi, Kentucky, and North Carolina.
Journal 1 By Aryan Study Guide PAGE 88 Comprehension 1 Cabeza De Vaca was a Spanish nobleman who set out on an expedition to the Gulf Coast in the 16th century. His sparkling career was cut short when his ships got wrecked off the coast of present day Texas and he found himself enslaved by the Han and Capoque clans of the Karankawa Indians. This passage talks about how he survived among the Native American groups and the skills and strategies he used to fit in. The first thing that Cabeza De Vaca did to assimilate with the Native American culture was to learn their language. This was a pivotal step because without being able to express himself he would never have been able to free himself from slavery.
Forrest Tappan Professor Blodgett HIST 271 T/Thr Hour 1:30 14 March 2013 Birth of a Nation Alas By 1863 the Civil War had ended, Abraham Lincoln had given his now famous Emancipation Proclamation and the 14th amendment—which made slavery legal in the United states of America—had been ratified. To many Americans, with the end of the war meant the reunion of the states and peace between brothers. Yet over 50 years later the hate of racism is still strong. In fact for many American blacks are no more excepted as slaves then as “free”. Wild and savage, African American were an issue, and with the government on the side of these savages it was left to the public to solve the problem for
Johnson was a southerner so he gave back the southerners their political rights. By the end of 1865 most of the former confederate states canceled the acts of secession but refused to abolish slavery, to give full citizenship to African American men. So, the union generals who governed the South blocked anyone who would not take an oath of loyalty to the union. President Johnson tried to stop many of these policies, and the House of Representatives impeached Johnson. He remained as President but began to give in more often to the Republican congress.
If they did choose to stay the Indians will have to obey the states laws anyways. Why not move to the west of the Mississippi River and try to claim their own independent state there. Lastly, is the race and color card. The Indians are clearly not white men; therefore they would probably be thrown into slavery and be treated like the African American. Even worse, if the Indians bear their grounds many will be killed by the white men for trying to hold the land and the Indian race can be even extinct.
All of the Southern state governments were restored and all of the rights of the freedmen were rapidly gone and soon denied. Then the former slaves started to fall into a second class citizenship regarded as by a system of state required segregation and judgment. In 11 years the whole idea of reconstruction had fallen apart. Since the governments were restored and the men in power went back to their old ways. They did not illegally break the rules, but they made different things impossible for the freedmen to do.