Seminar Essay

638 WordsSep 28, 20093 Pages
Seminar 1 Whitney McClain Research Methods in Criminal Justice CJ490 Seminar 1 When thinking about Criminal Justice as a whole, you have to think about the research methods that are involved to reach the conclusions that are given at the end of an investigation. There are four main types of research that are defined as: Descriptive, Exploratory, Explanatory, and finally Evaluation. Each of these methods has their own methods, and they each stand for something different. Descriptive research is defined as: “The primary focus of many studies of youth crime and violence.” (Bachman,Schutt, 2007) According to the textbook, this method focuses more on the statistics of crime. This could be anything from trying to figure out how many women were incarcerated for a certain crime, or a great example from the text was: “What are the most common crimes committed by youthful offenders.” (Bachman,Schutt, 2007) Exploratory research is defined as: “Seeks to find out how many people get along in setting under question, what meanings they give to their actions and what issues concern them.” (Bachman,Schutt, 2007) According to the textbook, this method focuses more on trying to capture large amounts of unstructured information. This could be anything from trying to figure out what it is like to be a serial killer, by taking in the information that is not structured and clear, it gives you the chance to truly research the topic. Explanatory research is defined as: “Seeks to identify causes and effects of social phenomena, to predict how one phenomenon will change or vary in response to variation in some other phenomenon.” (Bachman,Schutt, 2007) According to the textbook this method focuses more on trying to understand the evolution of why someone gets involved with crime. By establishing the causes and the reasoning

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