Autism is a disabling condition. Some children improve in their language skills and communication. Some autistic individuals eventually achieve independence, but most require supervision their whole life. Most researchers believe autism is caused by defected genes. There is a greater risk for families who have one child with autism to have a second child with autism.
The risk of autism relates to several prenatal risk factors, which includes advanced age in parents, bleeding, diabetes, and use of psychiatric medication in the mother during pregnancy. Autistic children need to improve the functional communication, control tantrum, and regulate odd behavior. However, they support from the government, nonprofit organizations, and families.
Additionally, the existence of a disorder called Schizotypal personality disorder means that it is sometimes difficult to decide if a person has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder further reducing the reliability with which schizophrenia is diagnosed. Furthermore, issues of reliability are further caused by using the DSM – IV’s five main types of schizophrenia; Disorganised schizophrenia, Catatonic Schizophrenia, Paranoid Schizophrenia, Undifferentiated schizophrenia and Residual Schizophrenia. Patients with catatonic schizophrenia and paranoid schizophrenia often have symptoms in common, therefore it can be seen as the same disorder and it is harder to distinguish between the two. Also, if a diagnosis is reliable, then why is there a category identified as ‘undifferentiated’ which makes it seem to be a ‘not sure category’. Moreover, why is a person diagnosed as having
The second core deficit is communication, children with ASD lack the ability to initiate and engage in conversation with their peers finally the third core deficit is restrictive and repetitive behaviour typically evident during the early school years and may consist of rocking, stimming and or walking on their toes. Additionally an insistence on routines and rituals and a display of distress if any form of change to these occurs. The cause of ASD is unknown however research evidence has found support for both genetic and environmental factors it is probable that it is not just one factor but rather a spectrum of causes. Evidence supporting the correlation of advanced paternal age at time of conception and the mother taking epilepsy medication during pregnancy increase the risk of the child developing ASD and supporting evidence that genetics plays a big role in the risk of developing ASD even more than they do in cancer and heart disease. The term genetic in this sense is not in the context of hereditary as not all genetic conditions run in the family, typically with ASD there is a missing set of genes but with each individual it can be a different gene that is missing, scientific studies have indicated a range
Caring for a loved one with a disability is no small feat. I know first-hand just how overwhelming the responsibility can be while trying to manage priorities outside of the home as well. For this reason, I have decided to cover “Autism and Family Quality of Life” for my article review assignment. This article focuses on certain intervention strategies that are crucial to the treatment of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It purports to explain quality of life as a critical part of early intervention for both children with ASD, and their families.
The SDQ is a brief behavioural screening questionnaire for children and adolescents that is widely used in CAMHS. The SDA covers many areas which young people may be struggling with on a day- to – day basis. McDougall, Armstrong, Trainer (2010). That tool can be completed by parents, teachers, and youths themselves. The use of structure assessment tool inform decisions about the most effective way to meet the young person’s needs Mitchell (2006) This scale was used however to gain a basic knowledge of outcome whilst not overlooking the family meetings as a measure of outcome.
Cara Blackwell Biopsychology Dr. Christian -Brougham September 9, 2013 Mirror Neurons and Autism Autistic disorders covers a wide range of dysfunction that mirror neurons could alleviate. Autism is a developmental disorder that effect how a person interacts with others, from social ineptitude to lack of an emotional response in a socially acceptable way. This is believed to stem form a massive neural impairment and is pervasive; unwanted and effects the patient physically. The cause of autism has yet to be identified but we know that “The inheritability of autistic disorder is estimated to be approximately 90 percent, with genetic abnormalities suspected to exist on chromosomes 7, 2 and 15.” and it is
2010) Life Span Disorders Life Span Disorders are generally characterized as childhood disorders. The disorders defined in this category represent those discovered during early childhood or that develop throughout the life span. The most recognizable of these disorders are mental retardation, Autism, attention deficit disorder and even learning disorders. Many of these disorders maintain a biological component based on damage or malformation during gestation or delivery complications. Cognitive difficulties arise during the developmental stages as the individual suffering from one or more of these disorders find it difficult to achieve academically or interact socially.
Misdiagnosis, pediatrician-parent relationships, access to health care, and biases of healthcare providers have been studied and discussed in the literature as factors contributing to the delay in diagnosis of African-American children. The misdiagnosis of autism seems to be a factor contributing to a delay in the diagnosis of ASD in general, but particularly to the later diagnosis of ASD in African-American children. Symptoms common to autism, such as delayed speech, poor response to others, and behavioral difficulties, can lead to a misdiagnosis of language impairment or Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In older children, repetitive behavior may steer clinicians toward a diagnosis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and non-compliance related to resistance to change may lead clinicians to diagnose Oppositional Defiant Disorder (Mandell, Ittenbach, Levy, & Pinto-Martin, 2006). Mandell et al.
Some symptoms may include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over- activity). ADHD is characterized by prominent symptoms of inattention and/ or hyperactivity and impulsivity. These symptoms can lead to difficulty in academic, emotional, and social functioning. Studies in the United States indicate approximately 8%- 10% of children satisfy diagnostic criteria for ADHD (ADHD, medicine.net). The term ADD was once used to describe children with these symptoms, but ADD is no longer a DSM diagnosis.