On this paper it will present Watson Theory and Caring Model, application of nursing theory assumptions related to person, health, nursing, and environment in the context of the caring moment; description of how Watson’s carative factors that are utilized in the transpersonal relationship, and last personal reflection of my personal experiences. According Alligood (2006) Watson’s philosophy (1979) and theory of human science, she started to place during her nursing career through the past 25 years, she wrote one of the text-books the plan and curriculum of nursing education that at the present time are integrated to present curriculum for undergraduate nursing programs, last in this book contains to an original structure for the basic nursing process. Watson started with questions related to human caring and nursing. In Watson’s beginning book as Alligood states that “Watson laid the foundation for what was
This essay will discuss one of the main and very important principles in midwifery practice, accountability. It will also explore, with the use of relevant literature, how and why midwives became accountable, who midwives are accountable to and the importance of midwives being accountable autonomous health professionals. Also how the midwife incorporates this on a daily basis within her practice. The legal recognition and regulation of midwifery started in 1902. This was when parliament approved the Midwives Act on the 31 July 1902, which then became fully effective on the 1st April 1905.
Ms Orem began her career with a nursing diploma from the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Washington D.C. sometime in the 1930’s. Ms Orem continued her education until she received her Master’s Degree in 1945. During this time she worked in the operating room, emergency room, private duty setting, pediatric and medical nursing units and eventually became a director. She became interested in improving the quality of nursing in general hospitals in her state and subsequently became a consultant to the office of education and it was during this time period that she developed and published Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory for the first time in the “Guides for Developing Curricula for the Education of Practical Nurses”. In 1976 she received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Georgetown University.
Virginia Henderson Brooke Beikmann and Mallory Backstrom Fort Hays State University Virginia Henderson Theory is defined as the systematic abstraction of reality that serves some type of purpose, usually including sets of concepts, definitions, and propositions. Nursing theories are known to evolve instead of being purposely made. “Nursing theories are the creative products of nurses who seek to thoughtfully describe the many aspects of nursing in ways that could be studied, evaluated, and used by other nurses” (Sitzman & Eichelberger, 2011). Virginia Henderson’s theory will help to explain the different concepts of nursing and how they are critiqued. “Virginia Henderson was born in Kansas City, Missouri, on November 20, 1897.
The professional practice model at AHN was created by nurses at AHN and integrates the organizations nursing values, the environment, components of the Magnet model, and sets the framework for the approach in which care is provided (Allegheny Health Network, 2018). Dimitroff, Tydings, Nickoley, Nichols, & Krenzer (2016) condicted a study on engaging registered nurses to create a professional practice model and states, “Utilizing their voices we created a PPM that provides a foundation on which to practice, leads us on the ever changing journey of our profession, and offers a vision of how we want to practice” (p.11). These findings are in correlation with the results of AHN’s model because nurses involved in everyday care constructed it. AHN’s model is displayed by nine small diamonds that form a large diamond shape being held between two hands. Each small diamond states a different aspect of the care that nurses provide or the environment the care is provided in.
Watson’s Theory of Human Caring Paper Tammy Cox NUR/403 April 29, 2013 Dr. Candace Cane There are many nursing theories that have helped develop patient care throughout the years. Each theory had a specific focus that would give nursing the frame work needed to provide the best optimal care to our patients. Some examples would include Orlando’s Theory of the nursing process, Mercer’s Theory of becoming a mother, Leininger’s theory of cultural care diversity and universality, or Roy’s adaptation model. One important theory that describes nursing as a human science that addresses the nature of human caring is Jean Watsons Theory of Human Caring (Alligood, 2010, p.52). The Theory of Human caring was developed by Jean Watson with the desire to bring meaning and focus to nursing as an emerging discipline and a distinct health profession with unique values, knowledge, practices, ethics, and mission (Alligood, 2010, p.112).
Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions (Oxford Dictionary 2011). The ultimate goal of research is to develop, refine and expand upon a body of knowledge providing evidence to either support or reject clinical practice (Polit and Beck 2004). Evidence based practice is broadly defined as the use of the best clinical evidence in making client care decisions (Polit and Beck 2004), and is agreed to ensure safe practice (Sackett 1996). By giving care based on evidence, a nurse acts as an advocate, working to their Code (NMC 2008a), helping clients to access relevant health and social care. In this essay the author looks at the role of the nurse in managing the safe withdrawal of clients detoxifying from alcohol on an inpatient unit.
Dorothea Orem Dorothea Orem was born in 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland. She earned her nursing diploma from the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Washington, D.C. in the early 1930’s. She completed her Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 1939 followed by her Master of Science in Nursing in 1945, both from the Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory also known as the Orem Model of Nursing was developed sometime between 1959 and 2001. It is considered a grand nursing theory, meaning the theory covers a broad scope with general concepts that can be applied to all areas of nursing. The main logic of the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory is that all patients want to care for themselves, and they seem to recover more quickly and holistically by performing their own self-care as much as possible.
Katharine Kolcaba The Comfort Theory The Theorist Katharine Kolcaba was born in Cleveland, Ohio in 1944 She earned her nursing diploma from St. Luke's Hospital of Nursing in 1987 She earned her Ph.D. in Nursing in 1997 Recently retired from full-time Associate Professor of nursing at the University of Akron College of Nursing In 2006, Kolcaba received the Researcher of the Year award Framework The Comfort Theory Kolcaba's Comfort Theory states that comfort is one of the fundamental needs of all individuals. Providing comfort is the first thing a nurse does for an ill person. Enhancing comfort for a patient will result in the patient engaging in health seeking behaviors. This, in turn, results in institutional integrity, meaning better practices and policies. There are three forms of comfort.
Philosophy of Palliative care Module Code: AHH1033-N Module leader: Ann French / Tess Craig Name: Paula Puckrin Date of submission: 3rd February 2011 Word count - 523 Word Count – 520 words The philosophy of palliative care The concept of palliative care is largely due to the pioneering work of Dame Cicely Saunders in the early 1960’s. She drew attention to the end of life care needs of patients with advanced malignant disease and recognized that there is a distinct link between physical and emotional suffering .Her work was instrumental in drawing attention the underlying philosophy of palliative care which included offering the patient social, emotional and spiritual support as well as managing symptoms medically at the end of life. Clark (2007) In 2002, The World Health Organization defined palliative care as 'an approach that improves the quality of life of individuals and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial and spiritual’. WHO, (2002) This was originally defined for cancer patients but during the last few years, guidance to improve palliative care has come from a number of sources including NICE and the Gold Standards’ Framework. Its aim is “to help people with any end stage illness to live well until the end of their life.” G.S.F.