Self-Care Theory Essay

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Dorothea Orem Self-Care Theory
Dana Houston
NUR 403
June 21, 2012
Liana Garrett

Dorothea Orem Self-Care Theory

Nursing Theorist Grid

Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site.

Name: Dana Houston

Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem

Description of Theory: Dorothea Orem believed that people should be self-reliant and responsible for their own care and others in their family needing care. The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, also known the Orem Model of Nursing, was developed by Dorothea Orem between 1959 and 2001. It is considered a grand theory, which means the theory covers a broad scope with general concepts that can be applied to all instances of nursing. The central philosophy of the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory is that all patients want to care for themselves, and they are able to recover quickly and holistically by performing their own self-care as much they are able (Alligood, 2010).
Theory’s Historical background: Dorothea E. Orem was born in 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland. In the early 1930’s, she earned her nursing diploma from the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Washington, D.C. She went on to complete her Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 1939 and her Master of Science in Nursing in 1945, both from the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. Dorothea Orem had a distinguished career in nursing. She earned several Honorary Doctorate degrees; in 1976 she was given both Honorary Doctorates of Science from both Georgetown University and Incarnate Word College in 1980. She was also given an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Illinois Wesleyan University in 1988, and a Doctorate Honoris Causae from the University of Missouri in 1998. She was also given

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