The website Buzzle explains, “Culture manifests itself in terms of the art, literature, costumes, customs, language, religion and religious rituals. The people and their pattern of life make up the culture of a region. Cultures vary in the different parts of the world” (Buzzle, 2011). In general culture characteristics are both learned as well as shared. Determining such differentiation in my opinion would be how the thought process or communication would go.
According to Ehrlich; ethnic attitudes and stereotypes are part of the social heritage of a society and no one can escape learning the prevailing attitudes and stereotypes assigned to the major ethnic groups. According to Devine, its argued that stereotypes and personal beliefs are conceptually distinct cognitive structure Each structure represents part of one’s entire knowledge base of a particular group. The dissociation of automatic and controlled processes may provide some theoretical leverage for understanding the role of stereotypes and personal beliefs in responses to members of racial or ethnic groups. According to Devine there is a strong evidence that stereotypes are well established in children’s memories before children develop the cognitive ability and flexibility to question or critically evaluate the stereotype’s validity or acceptability. As a result of this personal beliefs are necessarily newer cognitive structures.
The concept of culture can be applied to social systems at different levels, not only at the national level but also at the sub-cultural levels of ethnic group, region, gender, generation, religion, profession, and organisation. Culture is the substance that holds and binds groups together. Hofstede (1991) suggests that there is no such thing as human nature independent of culture. What, then, are the common features in definitions of culture? Most of the major definitions refer to culture as a set of shared values, beliefs, and practices.
Place does not only shape character through experience and interaction. Before a person is even born, society has defined them solely on the location of their origin. Culturally formed Labels The idea that people quickly assume the characteristics, ethics, morals, beliefs, ideas, intelligence, actions, roles, and many other identity factors of a person based on their location is known as cultural identity. The identity assumed when in a certain location can easily relate to the idea of the culture in that location to be the influence on morals and personality. Certain cultures restrict the population and people to only allow the growth of identity to reach a limit; expansion from this is almost impossible with the identity expected.
My Culture and Identity The Identity concept is a complex sociological theory and covers a whole range of theories and quantitative research. Identity is not static, it evolves with every moment you have, a thought, an experience, an encounter; and these are all factors in the makeup of our Identity. Is it that we all possess innate characteristics that are the foundations of our identity but as we are subjects of various social interactions, such characteristics can be shadowed or heightened according to our understanding and judgement of ourselves or how the others see us. “My past is my last, my gain is my pain”. This line came to me while I thought about what or who it is that has made me who I am today.
My Personal Learning Style COLL100 American Military University My Personal Learning Style Learning is an unavoidable part of life. There are many different factors that attribute to effective learning. These factors are typically categorized into four different areas; person’s previous experiences, interest in the subject, personal learning style and personal ability. One of the most multifaceted factors for learning is different preferred learning styles. Through the aid of some online web sites and self-refection, I have set out to answer the question, what is my personal learning style?
Culture * Influences every aspect of the society. * Hofestede’s: “The collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or society from those of another”. * A group’s culture is what makes them unique → unconscious code of conduct. * Influences the norms, values and interactions → Forms and individual’s worldview. Hofestede’s Research Four manifestations of culture: 1.
The Comparison of the Gestalt of Culture in Primitive Societies “A culture, like an individual, is a more or less consistent pattern of thought and action” (Benedict 1989:46). In the book, Patterns of Culture by Ruth Benedict, the relationship of culture and personality are closely looked at in an attempt to differentiate between individual traits of a culture. Through Benedicts vigilant analysis of the gestalt of culture in the Zuni, Apache, Dobu and Kwakiutl cultures, she emphasizes cultural differences by evaluating them in relation to each other and their beliefs – ideas, standards, motives, emotions and values. Benedict (1989) states at the end of chapter 1, "The careful study of primitive societies is important today rather, as we have said, because they provide case material for the study of cultural forms and processes. They help us to differentiate between those responses that are specific to local cultural types and those that are general to mankind.
In the textbook, Cultural Anthropology, Crapo states, “An etic description or analysis—that is, an outsider's or observer's allegedly "objective" account—creates a model of a culture by using cross-culturally valid categories, which anthropologists have found to be generally useful for describing all cultures” (p.27). Miner’s article, Body Ritual among the Nacirema, is discussed from an etic perspective as well. He summarizes the Nacirema way of life such as how they view the human body and how they
One of the central issues of psychology is identity and the way individuals shape their identities for themselves. People live in different regions all around the globe and are consequently exposed to a distinct type of culture, religion, education, family values and media. These influences instill certain rigid values in people from birth, which configures their self-concept and the way they perceive other individuals in the society they interact with. In many Western societies, the importance of personal achievement and glory are inculcated in people from early childhood. Hazel Markus and Shinobu Kitayama (1991) observed in a study that the culture in the North America values an identity that is focused on individual motivations, attributes and goals.