Seizure And Epilepsy Research Paper

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Understanding Epilepsy and Seizure Medical College DMR110L Professor Joseph LeFleur December 2nd, 2011 Understanding Epilepsy and Seizures Seizures and epilepsy can be more complicated than you think. It's not a “one size fits all problem”. There are many different types of seizures that can affect people in different ways. While seizures can be easy to diagnose and control for some people, for many others, epilepsy is a lifelong problem that can affect people in many different ways. Seizures are symptoms of a brain problem. They happen because of sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain. When people think of seizures, they often think of convulsions, which a person's body shakes rapidly and uncontrollably. Not all seizures…show more content…
It happens when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals. People may have strange sensations and emotions or behave strangely. They may have violent muscle spasms or lose consciousness. Epilepsy occurs when permanent changes in brain tissue cause the brain to be too excitable or jumpy. The brain sends out abnormal signals. This results in constant, irregular seizures. A single seizure that does not happen again is not epilepsy. According to The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine.The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. (Detroit: Gale, 2010) epilepsy affects 1-2% of the population of the United States. Although epilepsy is as common in adults over 60 as in children under 10, 25% of all cases develop before the age of five. One in every two cases develops before the age of 25. About 125,000 new cases of epilepsy are diagnosed each year, and a significant number of children and adults that have not been diagnosed or treated have…show more content…
In many cases, the cause is unknown. Epilepsy sometimes is the result of trauma at birth. Such causes include insufficient oxygen to the brain; head injury; heavy bleeding or incompatibility between a woman's blood and the blood of her newborn baby; and infection immediately before, after, or at the time of birth. The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine.The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. (Detroit: Gale, 2010). These are some causes to epilepsy: * head trauma resulting from a car accident, gunshot wound, or other injury. * alcoholism * brain abscess or inflammation of membranes covering the brain or spinal cord * phenylketonuria (PKU, a disease that is present at birth, often is characterized by seizures, and can result in mental retardation) and other inherited disorders * infectious diseases like measles, mumps, and diphtheria * degenerative disease * lead poisoning, mercury poisoning, carbon monoxide poisoning, or ingestion of some other poisonous substance * genetic

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