Seed Patent Essay

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Seed Patents- Effects Of The Use Of Genetically Modified Patent Seeds On Farmers And Environment Module : Applied Intellectual Property and Environmental LawModule Leader : Dr. Mark Van Hoorebeek | MAN4188MUB- 11015914 | I/We certify that this assignment is the result of my/our own work and does not exceed the word count noted below. Number of words 2630 (approx.) (excluding appendices/bibliographies, tables and diagrams) I/We certify that this assignment is the result of my/our own work and does not exceed the word count noted below. Number of words 2630 (approx.) (excluding appendices/bibliographies, tables and diagrams) Introduction Seeds represent the rich heritage of biological diversity and are important repositories of ancestral and cultural knowledge. Over millennia, farmers and societies developed seeds and shared them collectively to ensure food security and local economies. Through seed saving and traditional plant breeding knowledge and technologies, communities developed diverse seeds to adapt to drought, heat stress, pest and plant diseases, and other environmental stresses and geographical limitations and these seeds are known as Genetically Modified (GM) seeds (http://www.centreforfoodsafety.org). Later, as the technology advancement came the method of developing GM seeds became highly robust, lengthy and expensive process carried out in several years by highly trained scientists (http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk). To protect their creation and get returns on their heavy investments, seed patents and intellectual property rights (IPRs) have been crafted. Paradoxically, technology innovation both hurt and helps the user (farmers) and the environment. Therefore, intellectual property, by promoting innovation, can be good or bad for the environment (Gollin, 2002). Thus it becomes the duty of the farmers to understand not only the

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