Second Treatise Of Government In John Locke's Declaration Of Independence

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The Declaration of Independence is adumbrated by the Second Treatise of Government by using John Locke's ideas that the people had a right to create a new government for themselves if they were subject to certain grievances from the current sovereign. The section of Locke's Second Treatise titled "Of the Dissolution of Government" particularly describes under what circumstances a government can be dissolved, such as when the legislature is altered (215), or if the legislature acts "contrary to [the people's] trust" by not working for their best interest (221). Locke warns that a government shouldn't be changed just for minor mistakes, but if there has been a "long train of abuses, prevarications and artifices," then the peoples suffering should want to "endeavor to put the rule into such hands which may secure them the end for which government was first created," that being safety and security of property (225). The Declaration agrees that a new government should not be created for “light and transient causes,” and then proceeds to clearly outline the “long train of abuses” that the colonists had been subject to from the English government. In the Declaration of Independence, the first few grievances stated are things that had to do with…show more content…
First, that the laws must be known and applied equally; second, the laws must be designed for the good of the people; third, the government may not tax the proper of the people without their consent; and fourth, they may not transfer their lawmaking power to someone else (142). The third rule rang true for the writers of Declaration, as the taxation of many goods had been particularly irksome to colonists and was plainly named as one of their
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