Second Great Awakening Essay

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A Shopkeeper's Millennium: The Second Great Awakening (GA) I. Introduction and overview 1. Around 1800, another great wave of revivals swept over America. It occurred in several regions: In the South it occurred mostly in the frontier regions of SC, KY, TN, & OH, in camp meetings, using itinerant preachers. In New England, religious revival led to the formation of the Unitarian Church But the revivals of the Second Great Awakening that began in Rochester , N.Y. and spread along the newly constructed Erie Canal routes had the most significant impact on American society as a whole. 2. The main doctrinal contribution of these revivals was Perfectionist Theology—the idea that humans were not inherently sinful, but…show more content…
Revivalists believed that they could bring the millennium right here & now if they worked to improve society by pushing people to make these right moral choices. 4. This belief sparked a great outpouring of reform movements in America in the 1820s & 30s. These attempts to “stamp out sin” ultimately created tremendous upheaval in the political realm. 5. Conflict over reform led to the rise & fall of the Whig party--which transforms into the Republican Party as it disintegrates. The R's victory in the Presidential election of 1860 sparks the secession of the Southern states largely because of the legacy of these reform movements. 6. But we must also understand the Second Great Awakening as a response to industrialization. In the newly industrializing northwest, the revival was linked to the upheavals of industrialization; a case study of the area in which the revivals began explains the connection. II. The Great Awakening in the South and in New England A. 2nd GA begins in the South @ turn of Century--1800 The 1st wave: the frontier regions of SC, KY, TN, OH, the awakening appeared in emotional camp meetings, using itinerant preachers (copied the tactics of Whitefield in the 1st
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