Vaccination Important For Our Children Shinumol Sabu DENG102: English Composition I Tracey Mastrape 11/16/2013 Causal Essay “Most anti-vaccine books claim that all shots are bad, that diseases aren't really anything to fear, and as long as you live a natural and healthy lifestyle, you don't have to worry. I think this is a very irresponsible approach to the vaccine issue. Vaccines are beneficial in ridding our population of both serious and non-serious diseases.”(Robert W. Sears).Nothing is more tragic than a baby or young child dying from a disease that could have been prevented from a simple vaccine. Vaccinations save lives. Diseases kill or disable young healthy lives and older adults whose immune system is breaking down.
According to the (CDC) (2013), it is explained that the “flu” is a contagious disease that spreads around the United States every winter, typically the months September through February. The flu is caused by the influenza virus, and can be spread by coughing, sneezing, and close contact. The CDC defines symptoms of the flu as: fever/chills, sore throat, muscle aches, fatigue, cough, headache or runny/ stuffy nose. The geriatric population is considered a high risk group. Traditionally, the geriatric population has existing aliments therefore, if they were to contact the flu it could exacerbate their existing health conditions.
Just two months after the first detections the swine flu it was now classified as a pandemic. Even though the WHO (World Health Organization) did not classify it as severe, it would later be classified as “moderate” and many countries would have to strengthen quarantine procedures and pre-existing screening for travelers. Infection control measures to prevent transmission of H1N1 influenza in healthcare facilities. The H1N1 pandemic, as necessary as new information becomes available throughout the course of this influenza season. It provides general guidance for all healthcare facilities.
Both disease's have flu-like symptoms such as fever, headaches, weakness, chills, and sore throat. In addition, Ebola and Black Plague, specifically Pneumonic Plague, can be contacted by human to human contact specifically through blood or bodily fluids seeping into broken skin. Once the Ebola virus transmits to humans, it takes two to twenty one days to show the flu-like symptoms. For the Black Plague, specifically the Bubonic and Septicemic plague, it takes about three to seven days to show flu like symptoms. For the Pneumonic plague, symptoms will automatically develop within one to three days after exposure to bacteria.
Diarrhea is seen in approximately 10 to 20 percent of patients. After 2 to 7 days, SARS patient may develop a dry, nonproductive cough that might be accompanied by hypoxia. In 10 to 20 percent of cases, patients require mechanical ventilation. Most patients develop pneumonia. The disease is spread by close person-to-person contact through direct contact with respiratory secretions and/or body fluids of an infected individual.
Some people actually confuse their mild outbreaks with other skin conditions such as “eczema”. Early after infection, some people experience prodrome, a tingling, itching feeling that occurs in an area where blisters will shortly develop. Contrary to popular belief, both types can cause genital herpes (Osondu). Transmission is made during contact with a sore or fluid from an infected person, including fetal infection during birth when sores are present on the mother. The reservoirs of the virus are typically ocular, oral, or genital epithelial cells (Hodge).
• The varicella virus has an incubation period of between 10 and 21 days. This means the rash will appear from 10 to 21 days after the virus has infected the patient. • A person infected with the virus is contagious about two days before the rash appears and will continue being so for another four to five days. Children or adults with weakened immune systems can be contagious for longer. • When the blisters have crusted over, they can no longer pass it onto others.
In another case, both types of diseases can be prevented only with certain steps. Separation from other people can lessen the chances of having another person becoming infected, cleaning and washing hands can be helpful, and receiving a vaccination is a beneficial way to not get the disease. There most common diseases are difficult to prevent due to the number of cases every year. These diseases mostly affect the respiratory system since the bacteria and viruses can travel in the air. The most common viral disease that affects the upper respiratory system is the common cold.
Influenza A virus Infects multiple hosts – aquatic (grab rest from crhsis) Influenza A naming Virus type – origin – strain number - year of isolation – virus subtype Influenza C – infects pigs and humans Almost excuslisvng a human pathogen B and C Causes mild illness and may causes local epidemeics Antigenic drift – RNA dependent RNA polymerase No proofreading function Highly error prone 1 – every 10 000 nucleotides 1 errror each new virion = mutant viruses andDRIFT slight mutant change occurs in influenza A B C Antigentic Shift Reassortment event 2 different viruses or strains that ocme togethert to form a new viral subtypre occur sonly with flu A – result of large host rane – great chance of combo results in
The diagnosis of mono is confirmed by blood tests. People who have had mono can continue to shed virus particles in their saliva during reactivations of the viral infection throughout their lifetime. Vigorous contact sports should be avoided in the illness and recovery phase to prevent rupture of the spleen. Infectious mononucleosis, "mono," "kissing disease," and glandular fever are all terms popularly used for the very common infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The characteristic symptoms of infection with EBV include fever, fatigue, malaise, and sore throat.