Season Essay

271 WordsSep 29, 20132 Pages
In the article by Williams cronon , Agricultural practices on both sides of the settler-Indian equation. Englishmen expected to be able to live in America much the same way that they lived in England, which led to what you could call " misunderstandings" between them, the Indians, and the land itself. European relation of production in the new world was much more complicated task than they thought it would be due to how Indians communities used seasonal diversity, which leads a practice of mobility, however, Englishmen come to realize the importance of understanding the habits and the ecology of other species in order for them to survive. Native Americans understood the cyclical nature of the seasons. They moved and responded to the need for food. Without agriculture in the North, Indians depended on this understanding of the ecosystem since they lived as hunters and gatherers. Englishmen Instead of following seasonal abundancies of natural resources, as the Indians did, settlers expected to be able to control agricultural of production and to be able to keep livestock year-round. This was a moral issue for them: they didn't see why Indians went hungry in winter, if they could over-produce in summer and save for the lean times of February. Settlers also thought Indians were barbarous for giving their women complete control of the fieldwork. Meanwhile, the kind of monoculture that the settlers practiced would eventually prove destructive to the soil. Here is more on the Indian patterns of burning, and on settler perceptions of the same they didn't see it as directed, but rather characterized it as out-of-control or

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