Seals of Harappa

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There were about 2000 different kinds of seals and they were used for various purposes like religious purpose, trade, to symbolize power of the rulers, etc. There were many religious seals but the most widely used seal was that of Pashupati or Mahadeva who draws parallels to present day Shiva. He is also known as the ‘lord of the animals’. It is suggested that he is Fertility god. In one of the figures, a plant is shown growing from a woman's body, believed to represent Mother Earth, the Harappans therefore also looked upon the earth as a Goddess of Fertility. The harapans also worshipped animal and trees. This is evident from various seals that represent animals as gods or the vahanas (vehicles) of the gods. There are a number of animals imprinted on the seals such as the elephant, tiger, bull, rhino, unicorns, etc.. The pipal tree was one of the most important. There were seals showing pipal tree growing out of the horns of a male deity. Amulets have been discovered in large numbers, the Harappans believed in the existence of ghosts and evil forces that could be done away with the amulets The ancient seals provide evidence of trade. Harappan seals have been found in archaeological sites of Sumaria and Mesopotamia which show that the harappans had trade relations with the neighbouring civilizations. The Unicorn seal owners were mostly involved in Trade and Commerce and this is suggested from the motifs of Unicorn attached to the knots or binding on the bundle of good, whereas the less widely distributed seals depicting motifs of animals represented the powerful clan that ruled the cities. Seals discovered at the site suggest that merchant or mercantile family had its own Seal. Women might have enjoyed important position as mother goddesses were very popular

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