Scramble for Africa Dbq

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In the years before the European Scramble for Africa, European nations met at the Berlin Conference in 1884. The fourteen countries represented at the time included Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway Turkey, and the United States of America. Out of these fourteen nations, France, Germany, Great Britain, and Portugal had the most power in the conference, and controlled most of colonial Africa at the time. In the three decades after the Berlin Conference on Africa, European powers occupied and colonies areas in Africa, which later became known as the Scramble for Africa. During this period, the African leaders reacted to the Scramble for Africa in different ways including, by political or cultural behavior, fighting back or surrendering. The European invasion of Africa lead the Africans to respond in several different ways, one of which being responding with political or cultural behavior. (Documents 1,2,3, and 8). In document 1 the Royal Niger Company made a standard form contract for multiple African leaders to sign in order to imperialize the Delta. The British government discussed not entering a war with the Africans or interfering with any of the native laws and customs for control of the Nile River. The contract was meant for the tribal leaders around the delta and it discussed the legal and land usage right. In document 2, An Ashanti leader had a negative reply to protectorate offer. The Ahshanti leader replied negatively, saying that the kingdom of Ashanti will never commit itself to any such policy. This document is anti-imperialism and is told by a someone who was asked to join the empire and declined. The Ashanti leader wrote the document to make a stand against Britain as well as to maintain his kingdom. In document 3, The emperor of Ethiopia, Menelik II, wrote

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