Scp in Austria Essay

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The History of SCP in Austria In Austria, environmental policy in general is high on the political agenda. This is the result of both Austria’s dependence on tourism as a source of national wealth, which in turn is based on a clean and well functioning environment, and a relatively high level of environmental consciousness in the Austrian population. The development of the Austrian environmental policy is characterised by a separation of responsibilities between the national, the regional and the local level. These separated responsibilities have led to a relatively complex structure of the environmental law but also to a large number of environmental and resource management initiatives on different levels. Sustainable consumption and production, in all but name, became an essential part of environmental policy as a reaction to the oil crisis of the 1970s. While the initial programmes focused on the limitation of energy consumption, the introduction of renewable technologies and the establishment of separate waste collection systems, cleaner production, eco-design, waste prevention, producer responsibility and green public purchasing were also introduced in Austria in the 1990s. This was partly a consequence of transposing EU legislation into national law, a necessity after Austria joined the EU in 1995. However, these measures went beyond those required by the EU at the time. Eco-Profit, Zero-Emission, Factor-4-fair, Eco-Business-Plan and many others were “beacon” initiatives not only for Austria but also for Europe. The first time that the different sectoral SCP initiatives were put together was under the National Environmental Plan (NUP) of 1996 . The objective of this plan was to implement the principle of sustainability in policy areas with relevance to the environment by defining long term strategic objectives, valid not only for a specific sector, but for

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