Scientific Revolution Essay

375 WordsFeb 2, 20122 Pages
Why did the Church view the ideas of Copernicus and Galileo as a threat? • These alleged truths were produced by Biblical study and the widely accepted Aristotelian system, which became official Church doctrine. • Church had a medieval view of a perspective of Aristotle and Ptolemy • It claimed that the rate of fall of an object was determined by its weight, held that matter was constructed out of four possible elements, with different matter containing different combinations of these four, and described the universe as the Greek astronomer Ptolemy had described it, as a static and finite thing in which the Earth occupied the central position, with the sun and planets in revolution and the distant stars inhabiting its farthest edges. The physicians of the period considered that the human body contained four different kinds of liquid and that illness was caused by the imbalance of these 'humors.' • the artists and thinkers of the Renaissance were infused with the desire to know and portray reality, prompting a dramatic rise in scientific exploration. • By breaking the hold of the Aristotelian system, the Scientific Revolution opened the door to modern science • Geocentric vs heliocentric • On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres jump started the Copernican Revolution where people began to debate the Catholic churchs belief of a heliocentric universe • a conflict between Copernican science and Aristotelian science which had become Church tradition. • Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems—Ptolemaic & Copernican. • Galileo reason with math to come to a heliocentric universe • mathematical thinking plays a more important role in the construction of Galileo's astronomical model and he also used a method of empirical approach • Since Galileo destabilized the beliefs of the immutable heaven, the unchangeable God, and the hierarchically structured

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