Scientific Method in Sociology

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Use of the Scientific Method in Sociology Sociologists are social scientists who observe the human society. As sociology is also the field of science, it needs to be studied with the application of scientific method. Scientific method is a systematic approach to researching questions and problems through objective and accurate observation, collection and analysis of data, direct experimentation, and replication of these procedures. The principles of the scientific method are mostly concerned with the way of conducting the observations. Sociologists who use scientific method should develop a hypothesis that is falsifiable and when observing the social phenomena they want to study, he or she should not put their personal beliefs in their observation. Furthermore, they ought to replicate the process of observation in order to be valid and reliable. In the sociological investigation, the investigator has to remain ethically neutral and objective. Without the ethical neutrality and objectivity, the investigator will easily put their personal opinions or biases in their investigation. For example, when the investigator is investigating the gender difference in society, he or she should not prejudice against the gender and say girls are more emotional so they commit crime of passion more frequently than boys. The investigator should state only the facts. No personal belief and bias is the first principle in scientific method. The sociologist must obtain scientific method of recording his observations of the limited series of individuals, which will reduce personal bias and individual error to a minimum. Observations allow sociologists to study certain behaviours and communities that cannot be investigated through other research methods. Also, they help sociologists to arrive at an empirically based, factual analysis of how societies work through deductive and

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