Science's Influence on Myth

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Science’s Influence on Myth Throughout history there have been many attempts to explain the origin and workings of our universe. Nearly every individual has his/her own idea of what our universe is. During our modern era of advanced scientific knowledge, we feel that we have a good grasp on how the universe works by using Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics, to examine it. Those educated in these fields will tell you that they understand the universe. The point is; modern science is thought to be correct. We think we are right. Does this make everyone else wrong? Some of the earliest known philosophies on creation come from the works of Hesiod. In his Theogony he attempts to explain creation, and all that surrounds us, using myth. Hesiod anthropomorphizes the cosmos. He tells of “Chaos” being the first to come into being, then he goes on to describe how each of the gods of the cosmos comes in to being. The gods of the cosmos are all related to some characteristic of our universe. They can be physical parts or concepts (similar to Plato’s idea of the forms). Two main issues come up during discussions of cosmology; how the universe was created and out of what the universe was created. In the Theogony, Hesiod has the world created out of gods that are human by nature and to create this universe the gods reproduced. Hesiod’s theories of the universe can clearly be classified as myth, since there is no scientific background for it. The philosophers to follow Hesiod moved slightly away from this. The Pre-Socratics focus more on what the universe was made of than how it was created. They typically chose a single element that everything consisted of and tried to explain the world according to that element. They based their theories on insight and observations. For this reason their theories are both mythical and scientific. Because some of their choices of what the key
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