Phenomenology is also geared towards creating a framework for understanding religious traditions. The authors of The Sacred Quest An Invitation to the Study of Religion give multiple outlines for different things in religion, such as what a cult is defined as and what it means for something to be sacred. The phenomenological approach’s function is to also put up a firewall against literalism. This means that we want to look at how things function in a religion and how things are interpreted but we do not want to make the mistake of believing some things actually happened in the physical world. We use the phenomenological approach as a way to interpret data that we observe from several different religions.
Philosophers, as well as the average person, question the nature of the universe and the meaning of life interminably. The most frequent subject of scrutiny is the matter of how this universe came about. Most people want some sort of proof, some reasoning, as to whether or not there exists a creator of the universe. In David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion the character Cleanthes presents the Teleological Argument, also known as The Argument from Design. The argument is one of a posteriori, arrived by observation of the world.
; Questions that can not be answered, even with modern day technology, the aid of science and the ever-growing knowledge of the world; but answers that nonetheless are needed to make sense of and give meaning and purpose to life. The origin of all religions is connected to the timeless search of our existence to humankind. One of the most significant ways in which religion creates meaning for its followers is through the understanding of the purpose of mankind. E.g. Death is understood as the end of mortality, but what people believe comes after varies with each religion.
The Development of Relationship between Catholicism and Natural Science Lei Xu How does the complex relationship between Religion and Natural Science come? The different concern and understanding of the world: Natural science uses hypothesis, experiment, and logical reasoning etc. methods to study the reality of the world while religion uses the methods of imagination, metaphor, intuition, experience, enlightenment to realize God’s will. Four stages of this relationship in history: * When Catholicism first time met natural science in 17th century (the Renaissance), their relationship presented friendliness. * In 18th century, most of scientists still believed in the God who created the universe; however, they no longer believed in a personified God who actively involved in human life.
To begin with science; science is the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment . Moreover human activities; human activities in this assertion are considered as ways of knowing in order be able to be compared with science. Basically, the interpretation of human activities here is areas of knowing, such as arts, mathematics, ethics, and history. Finally, the quote identifies the provisional nature of science. The word provisional means serving for the time being .
The inability to scientifically prove religion and the repetition of history justifies the truth that history is stronger than reason. Introduction of area of knowledge: Religion: Although not considered an actual area of knowledge, religion is still considered an important aspect to consider in the ways of thinking. Acceptable to include in this essay, religion is something which has shaped habits and constantly a factor in outweighing reason. The prime example of this can be seen in constant argument of science vs religion, in a time where scientific findings have so much credibility and truth, religion is still a prominent factor in reasoning due to the fact that religious beliefs is a type of habit taken up by humans thousands of years ago. Point 1: ‘Religion cannot be scientifically proven’ Religion is an aspect of human life that has been existent since it’s very beginning.
This demonstrates that faith serves as basis for our knowledge so that we may continue to construct and expand our knowledge i.e. the second-hand knowledge using other Ways of Knowing, namely reason and perception. In this essay, I will evaluate to what extent faith is a justifiable basis for knowledge, in religion and another Area of Knowledge – natural science. In my opinion, I believe that faith is a justifiable, legitimate basis for knowledge not only in religion but also in natural science. Let knowledge be a cosmic and complex structure, faith is the base for this structure for it provides fundamental assumptions and without these assumptions, the structure of knowledge will disintegrate.
VALUES IN SCIENCE: An Introduction* Douglas Allchin ABSTRACT. Values intersect with science in three primary ways. First, there are values, particularly epistemic values, which guide scientific research itself. Second, the scientific enterprise is always embedded in some particular culture and values enter science through its individual practitioners, whether consciously or not. Finally, values emerge from science, both as a product and process, and may be redistributed more broadly in the culture or society.
But I asked, how can he conceive God and how can a finite conceive the infinite? His philosophy is very controversial. As I know that philosophy is continuously evolving. The philosophers based on what they have read or they comment about the philosophy of others. In the medieval period, the question “Does God exist?” is being focused by the philosophers especially Christian philosophers.
To yield and to develop their theories and conclusions. The scientific method for the natural sciences relies the most on reasoning as the way of knowing. This method attempts to test observations and have reliable and reproducible results, a process in which many participate in and improve upon with the aim of describing the world in an objective manner. This means that a theory in the field of natural science must be tested until the