Science in the Medieval ages

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The well developed Europe of today had not always been so developed. Between the fall of the Roman Empire and the 12th century there was decline in the pursuit of scientific and mathematical knowledge. This period between the 5th and 16th century is referred to as medieval times or the Middle Ages. Not to say that there weren’t any scientific advances during Middle Ages, but there was little compared to other civilizations of the time. Many factors contributed to the decline of scientific knowledge such as civil disturbance, plague, and corrupt theocracy. Due to the Middle Ages, Europe fell behind other civilizations such as the Chinese, the Arabs, Persians, and Indians in terms of science and mathematics. During pre-Medieval Europe, the Greeks and Romans made many achievements in the discovery of science. Early Greek and Roman philosophers attempted to answer the questions found in myths, like “How did the ordered cosmos in which we live come to be? ” Such desire for knowledge led to many advances in factual knowledge in anatomy, zoology, botany, mineralogy, geography, astronomy, and mathematics. Compared to the advances in pre-Medieval Europe, the stirrup, spur, grindstone, heavy plough, horse collar, horse shoe, and tidal mill were of the main achievements during the Middle Ages. Many of these inventions had to do with agriculture. Such advances were important in human development but they were not as scientific and modern as the discoveries of the other contemporary civilizations, or the previous discoveries of the Greeks and Romans. The Indians are of those that greatly contributed to the world of science and mathematics. In 499, the Indian astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata worked out an accurate heliocentric model of gravitation, elliptical orbits, circumference of the earth, and the longitude of planets around the sun. In the subject of
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