Science and Technology Essay

1080 WordsJun 21, 20145 Pages
Dib Guha - Increasing levels of anxiety, depression, and/or other psychological symptoms. Psychological disorders, also referred to as mental disorders, are abnormalities of the mind that result in persistent behavior patterns that can seriously affect your day-to-day function and life. The specific causes of psychological disorders are not known, but contributing factors may include chemical imbalances in the brain, childhood experiences, heredity, illnesses, prenatal exposures, and stress. Some disorders are more common based on sex, for example depression is more frequent in females whereas substance abuse is more common in men. Psychological disorders can cause a variety of symptoms; common symptoms include: • Agitation, hostility or aggression • Alcohol or drug abuse • Alterations in energy levels •Anxiety • Confusion or disconnectedness • Erratic behavior • Irritability and mood changes • Perception or thought process disturbances (psychoses), such as hallucinations and delusions • Persistent or abrupt mood changes that can interfere with day-to-day life • Problem denial • Social withdrawal Common treatments for psychological disorders Common treatments of psychological disorders include: • Antianxiety medications • Antidepressant medications to improve moods • Antipsychotic medications to treat disordered thought patterns and altered perceptions • Cognitive behavioral therapy to work on thought patterns and behavior • Family therapy to help develop support and understanding • Group therapy • Hospitalization for coexisting medical problems, serious complications, severe disorders, or substance abuse • Identification and treatment of coexisting conditions • Individual therapy • Mood-stabilizing medications • Psychodynamic therapy to work on discovering and understanding past issues and their relationship to current

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