An example of this theory would be if a child sees his parents or an authority figure he or she looks up to committing crimes or indulging in violence. That child most likely would view that type of behavior as acceptable. The social control theory states that people commit crimes when the processes which keep them in society are broken or weakened. Also within this theory, it is believed, the more socialized a person is as a child, and greater bonds they maintain with others, the less likely they will be to commit crimes (Siegel, 2000). Lastly, the social labeling theory view is when people are being labeled as criminals, they begin to take on that identity, and end up as criminals (Siegel, 2000).
As far as sexual offending is concerned, schools, hospitals, isolated areas are more prone to the sexual crimes. Police should cover such areas during their patrolling process. Moreover, the implementation of such technology in the crime department will only turn out to be a financial and societal disaster. For this management step, there also would need costly and intelligent infrastructure and managerial practices. In general, efforts for the geomapping of offender residences would go in vain due to crime and criminal uncertainty in any region.
Is rationale to assume that parental and family risk factors played a vital part in the life of a criminal, because they are a product of their surroundings. Understanding the mental process of a criminal behavior can assist on identify the problems such as antisocial behaviors. It identifies the individuals with their parents and other family members of the family. Taking a look at the parents and siblings will give researcher a different spectrum that can or may not voucher for the actions of the criminal, it brings all the issues about their past to surface. Parental and family risk factors effects and shapes the individual into the person that they are today.
I have concluded that substance abuse is a huge contributor to crimes being committed. The lack or decrease in moral intuition and character can cause a person to make bad decisions. This would cause people not to understand the benefits of to abiding to common social values. A person demographics can also play a role in determining whether or not an individual will turn to a life of crime. Government officials, politicians, and courts employees have concluded that individuals commit crimes for private alternatives and they should be punished and held responsible for their actions and conduct.
Eysenck’s personality theory states criminal behaviour is a result of genetics and the nervous system. Those with extrovert personalities are more likely to commit crime. These personalities are as a result of the RNS dampening down the nervous system which makes the person seek stimulation which they find in crime such as fighting and joy riding. Furthermore Eysenck goes on to say that those with Neuroticism are also more likely to commit more crime due to adrenaline being forced in to the blood stream by the ANS. Eysenck has conducted personality and genetic studies which support his theory., criminals and non-criminals were compared and crimples were found to score more highly on the P and N scale.
Along with the lifestyle up bring that a juvenile is surrounded by, the neighborhood and the company they keep can lead them down the path of destruction. “Conformity to peer group behavior and pressure may promote deviance. This is particularly likely among young people, where peer pressure may encourage them to adopt forms of deviant behavior (such as truancy and underage drinking) (Explanations for Patterns of Crime, n.d., p. 2). Because of the peer pressure that most teenagers face, committing these acts is a way to gain social
Bandura’s Social Learning Theory suggests that acts of aggression are learnt through the observation of role models. His original “Bobo Doll” study showed that when exposed to aggressive behaviour small children copied this behaviour, not just by being physically aggressive but even copying the verbally aggressive behaviour. However this study focuses on children who are supposed to learn in this manner, this doesn’t demonstrate that this would also be true in older children or adults who already have a set moral compass that would interfere with copying aggressive behaviours. However Bandura’s later study showed that if children saw someone get punished for aggressive behaviour they were less likely to be aggressive themselves when they were allowed to play with the bobo doll but if they saw someone get rewarded for this aggressive behaviour then they were much more likely to act aggressively themselves, this shows that vicarious reinforcement is important to the learning of aggression through the social learning theory, as receiving direct positive reinforcement leads to people having high self efficacy making them very likely to repeat the aggressive behaviour that they were rewarded for. In terms of aggression this reward could come in many forms such as acceptance from a violent gang they want to be a part of or just attention from a parent or teacher.
Juvenile Crime Juveniles accused of serious offences should be tried in adult courts, rather than in Juvenile Courts. Discuss the pros and cons of such statement. Introduction Juvenile delinquency, better known as youth crime occurs when people of a younger age are involved in criminal activities instead of character forming activities like education or sports. Some of the causes of this type of crime include broken families, lack of education and drug addiction. Like every other type of crime, it has negative effects on society.
Youth crime can be a result of fear, peer pressure, boredom, exclusion from the community, a sense of anomie, socialisation and anti-social behaviour, these just being a few reasons for youth crime being committed. Parents or guardians working long hours offers more of an opportunity for children to be involved in crime without anybody watching over them. Anti-social behaviour can be seen as the gateway into criminal activity that is why institutions such as schools have rules of conduct and uniform which students must conform to and if not they are punished. Some children admit that stealing is “…part of their normal behaviour,” which relates to norms and values, what is right and wrong, part of
These theories are best illustrated through the application of notorious criminals and their deviant acts. When studied individually, the obvious “cause” of crime can be significantly different from the reason the offender had in mind when breaking the law, and the theories of crime causation begin to decipher these reasons. Crime causation involves several different factors; the influences on an individual during early childhood: experiences like poor parenting, the attempt (conscious and subconscious) to imitate an individual’s peer, the individual’s immersion in poverty, having poor opportunities, living in a community with high crime, the values and lifestyles of promenade members of the community which is admired by the individual, and lastly, an individual’s genetic and biological influences (Frank Schmalleger, 2009, p. 121). Of all the excessive crimes which occurred in the twentieth century, one of the most memorable crimes in the north eastern region of the United States is the case of Richard Kuklinski, as known as, the “Iceman”. According to Crime USA (2008) “Richard Kuklinski was one of the most self confessed contract killers in American History” (Richard “The Iceman” Kuklinski, para 1).