Sci 204 - Ilab 4 Essay

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DeVry University Environmental Science Human Population in Developing Countries Venezuela Evaluate the human population growth of any developing country in the world. Discuss the Birth Rate, Fertility Rates, Infant Mortality and any other population dynamics. Do not use China or India. We have discussed these in class already. Look at chapter 8 & 9 for the definition of a “developing country”. Venezuela is a South American country located at the northernmost end of the continent. With a total area of 566,721.596 square miles and a land area of 548,080.46 square miles is about twice the size of California. The population in Venezuela has increased steadily from 23,542,650 (year 2000) to 28,047,940 (year 2012). According to the CIA the present population annual growth rate is 1.46% for the year 2000; which represents a decline from growth rates from 1970 – 1990 (3.1%) and from 1990 – 2010 (1.9%). There are four factors that influence population growth rate: • Birth Rates • Death Rates • Emigration • Immigration For simplicity sake, only data from the year 2000 to present will be taken into consideration. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. The graph below (see figure 2) shows how since the year 2000 the birth rate went from 21.09 to its lowest point of 18.71 in 2006. There was an increase of 2.5 points for the year 2007 and then the trend was a descent to 19.88 in the year 2012. Unfortunately the reports for Venezuela did not have a study as to why the birth rate increased in such dramatic fashion for the year 2007 Death rate is the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 people. This indicator is affected by age distribution, and most countries will show an increase in the death rate in spite of continued decline

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