Additionally, traumas, deaths, finances, relationships and other stressful events, which are environmental, can cause Dysthymia; females are at a higher risk. Treatment Consequently, Marla has met all the psychological criteria for a diagnosis of Dysthymia accordingly the recommendations for treatment will be as follows; psychotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. The first step is to improve Marla`s mood, sleep patterns and energy level, thus a low dose of Prozac is prescribed. Prozac is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Prozac facilitates restoring balance of the chemicals in the brain, which improves mood, sleep patterns, energy levels, decreases anxiety and irritability (WebMD, 2010).
In general, the medications used for different mental health problems are called psychotropic medications. These medications can have serious side effects if not taken properly or prescribed by someone not properly trained or qualified to do so. Obviously, counselors in general do not get such training. On the other hand, counselors should be able to recognize the need of psychotropic medications for their clients as a holistic approach to their problems and refer them to appropriate professionals for that purpose (King & Anderson, 2004). LEGAL LIMITATIONS While working with the client, counselors are required to follow the American Counseling Association (ACA) Code of Ethics (ACA, 2005).
Additionally, the existence of a disorder called Schizotypal personality disorder means that it is sometimes difficult to decide if a person has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder further reducing the reliability with which schizophrenia is diagnosed. Furthermore, issues of reliability are further caused by using the DSM – IV’s five main types of schizophrenia; Disorganised schizophrenia, Catatonic Schizophrenia, Paranoid Schizophrenia, Undifferentiated schizophrenia and Residual Schizophrenia. Patients with catatonic schizophrenia and paranoid schizophrenia often have symptoms in common, therefore it can be seen as the same disorder and it is harder to distinguish between the two. Also, if a diagnosis is reliable, then why is there a category identified as ‘undifferentiated’ which makes it seem to be a ‘not sure category’. Moreover, why is a person diagnosed as having
They may become dysfunctional as husbands, wives, or parents. They also run the risk of hospitalization for uncontrolled symptoms. Having worked in the mental health field, encounters with these patients have changed my personal view of mental illness. These people are just as
What are the diagnosis and treatments for bipolar disorders? Once these questions are addressed, we should understand what bipolar disorders are. What are Bipolar Disorders? Bipolar disorders are a scary mental disease. The disease is scary because our friends and family misunderstand this disease.
Many scientists believe that genes play a role in creating fearful memories. Also, studying certain brain area that deal with stress and fear researchers have a better understanding of curing the causes of PTSD. Symptoms of PTSD can be flashbacks, bad dreams, frightening thoughts, avoiding people, events, or object that are reminders of your experience, and feeling on edge. Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout history (NIMH). People who have this disorder may hear voices that other may not hear, feel as though the world can read their mind, control their thoughts, and are out to
Living With Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder, or Manic-depression as it used to be referred to, affects those that have it in very different ways. Therefore it is important to treat patients, and their disease, as individualized rather than lumping them together by the standards of textbook care. Kay Redfield Jamison is a professor of psychiatry and psychiatric disorders at John Hopkins School of Medicine. She was also diagnosed with bipolar disorder, in which people exhibit polarized behaviors ( wild swings in emotion), in the 70’s. In her memoir An Unquiet Mind, she shares some of her own experiences dealing with this disease, and she teaches that it is impossible to live a balanced life without medication and therapy if you are suffering
Drastic changes in behaviour may occur, and the person can become upset, anxious, confused, angry or suspicious of those around them. They may not think they need help, and it can be hard to persuade them to visit a doctor. Changes in thinking and behaviour are the most obvious signs of schizophrenia, but people can experience symptoms in different ways. The symptoms of schizophrenia are usually classified into one of two categories: positive or negative. * Positive symptoms represent a change in behaviour or thoughts, such as hallucinations or delusions.
For example, we now classify schizophrenia under the following subtypes: Disorganized, paranoid, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual (Ritsner & Lysaker, 2011). Disorganized schizophrenia, also known as hebephrenic schizophrenia, is defined by disorganized behavior, flat or inappropriate affect, strange thoughts, and abnormal behaviors. Paranoid schizophrenia, on the other hand, includes chronic psychosis and strange delusions. This subtype of schizophrenia often goes hand in hand with suicidal behavior. Catatonic schizophrenia is marked by both extremely bizarre movements and behavior, but is also seen in patients who remain frozen in a daze for hours on end.
Health professional may also prescribe antipsychotics to a person diagnosed with schizophrenia. This helps stabilize the level of chemicals in the brain that control the mood. Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is defined as a mental illness that results or causes mood changes, impulsive attitude/ behaviors, and/or severe problems with self-worth. This illness typically leads to disconnected or troubled close or social relationships in an individual’s life. Research indicates that signs of this disorder start in early childhood life which leads to problems that appear after early adulthood.