There are three main symptoms of schizophrenia, delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorder. Delusions are false beliefs in which the person cannot change, such as believing they are a fictional character, or icon. Hallucinations are usually voices, sights, or visions that only the patient can hear, see, or even smell. These voices can make demands by ordering their victim to do things, or sometimes giving warnings. When a patient has a thought disorder, this usually means he or she has difficulty organizing thoughts.
Case Study HCA/210 Case Study According to The American Heritage Dictionary (n.d.), mental illness is any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual's normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma. Mental illness affects the way a person thinks or behaves. Bipolar, schizophrenia, and depression are among the most common mental illnesses people hear about today. It is far more difficult to spot a mental illness than a physical illness because a mental illness is not always apparent. The difference being, physical illness can be seen, and mental illness can hide, even masquerade it’s symptoms for long periods of time without any treatment.
Outline and evaluate the issues associated with the classification and/or diagnosis of schizophrenia (24 marks) Schizophrenia is a severe debilitating psychotic disorder that involves abnormal perceptions and thoughts. It has been described as a disintegration of the personality. The person loses insight and touch with reality thus failing to realise that they have a mental problem. It involves a range of psychotic symptoms where there is a break from reality. Crow (1980) distinguishes between two types of schizophrenia: Type 1 is characterised by positive symptoms were something is added to the sufferer’s personality such as auditory or visual hallucinations; Type 2 is characterised by negative symptoms where something is take away such as there is lack of emotion or limited use of speech.
It can be very difficult to tell whether negative symptoms are part of the schizophrenia, or whether they are present because you are reacting to other frightening or distressing symptoms. For example, a person with a mental health problem may be discriminated against or ignored which may cause them to feel isolated and depressed and so they withdraw. About one in every hundred people is diagnosed with schizophrenia during their lifetime and everyone diagnosed with schizophrenia will have a different experience of the
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia include delusions, experience of control, hallucinations and disordered thinking. Delusions are bizarre beliefs that seem real to the person with schizophrenia but in fact, are not actually real. Sometimes these delusions can be paranoid in nature. Delusions may also involve inflated beliefs about the person’s power and importance. Experience of control is where a person with schizophrenia may believe that they are under the control of an alien force that has invaded their mind or body.
Outline the strengths and weaknesses of the biological explanation of psychopathology The biological approach is currently the dominant approach in studying in treating psychopathology. This is carried out by psychiatrists, who qualify as medical doctors before specialising in psychiatry. They tried to apply the medical model to psychological disorders, identifying biological aspects of this disorder and using physical treatments, such as drugs. According to the biological approach of abnormality, psychopathology has an underlying physical cause. Abnormality is associated with change in brain or bodily functions.
Schizophrenia & Other Psychotic Disorders: Schizophrenia, Delusional Disorder, brief Psychosis, Schizo-affective Disorder & Shared Psychotic Disorder. SchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a psychotic illness which can affect people in variety of ways, there is no evidence as yet why one develops the illness. Studies suggest there can be a combination of factors which can trigger the illness. It is agreed by health professionals that schizophrenia is most likely caused by a combination of factors, which can include the following: Dopamine is one of the chemicals that carry messages between brain cells and if there is too much Dopamine it can be a factor of one developing the illness. Genetic can play a big part in someone developing the illness as they are more vulnerable to the illness.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depressive illness that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. Which may causes a damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. But bipolar disorder can be treated, and people with this illness can live a normal life. Now here is a video that describes bipolar disorder in detail.
Schizophrenia Childhood-onset schizophrenia Last reviewed: February 7, 2010. Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder that makes it difficult to: •Tell the difference between real and unreal experiences •Think logically •Have normal emotional responses, •Behave normally in social situations Causes, incidence, and risk factors Schizophrenia is a complex illness. Mental health experts are not sure what causes it. However, genetic factors appear to play a role. •Certain environmental events may trigger schizophrenia in people who are genetically at risk for it.
However, there is a fundamental difference between schizophrenia and sleep. That dreams when he awakes, recognizes his extraordinary experiences were not real, but only a