Schizophrenia Incl Catatonia

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Contents 1. INTRODUCTION 1 2. WHAT IS SCHIZOPHRENIA? 2 3. MAKING THE DIAGNOSIS: THE DSM-V 3 4. THE HALLMARK FEATURES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA 4 4.1 What is a ‘Hallmark Feature’? 4 4.2 Positive symptoms 5 4.2.1 Delusions 5 4.2.2 Hallucinations 5 4.2.3 Disorganised Thinking (Speech) 6 4.2.4 Grossly Disorganised or Abnormal Motor Behaviour (incl Catatonia) 6 4.3 Negative Symptoms 7 5. REFERENCES 8 . 10 1. INTRODUCTION Why is it important to be fully conversant with the diagnostic criteria and hallmark conditions of Schizophrenia? Research has shown that the earlier the correct diagnosis after the first psychotic episode, and the sooner treatment begins, the better the treatment outcome. Some of the major…show more content…
Gregory (2010) describes Schizophrenia as the perfect example of a severe mental illness. The world is an incomprehensible jumble for Schizophrenics and the line between delusion and reality is blurred, if not obliterated. The American Psychiatric Association (2013) categorises Schizophrenia as a psychotic disorder, with abnormalities in one or more of 5 domains. These are delusions, hallucinations, disorganised thinking and speech, and grossly disorganised or abnormal motor behaviour such as catatonia. If these delusions and beliefs are not understandable to cultural peers and not related to ordinary life experiences, they are deemed to be bizarre (The American Psychiatric Association, 2013). These abnormalities are accompanied by negative symptoms, also known as affective or mood…show more content…
Jordaan (2013) explains that psychosis refers to a cluster of symptoms, among these disruptions in moods, thoughts, perception, language and behaviour. Jordaan goes on to say that Schizophrenia is the most common psychotic disorder with psychosis being the primary and central set of symptoms, although not all symptoms present in all people. These symptoms can be categorised as positive (active symptoms) and negative symptoms (absence or decline of normal functions) (Jordaan,

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