Schizophrenia Diseases

1425 Words6 Pages
Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases and Drugs Leta McDaniel Axia College February 23, 2012 Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases and Drugs Schizophrenia: There are several different types of Schizophrenia, the subtypes are Paranoid, Catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated and residual. The kinds of symptoms that are utilized to make a diagnosis of schizophrenia are different between affected people. The diagnosis may change from one year to the next for the same person as the disease progresses. Different subtypes of schizophrenia are defined according to the most significant characteristics present in each person at different times. The result is that one person may be diagnosed with…show more content…
This is a complicated process, millions of neurons are formed, migrate to different regions of the forming brain, and specialize to perform different functions. To support developmental theories, there are a number of risk factors for schizophrenia related to critical periods in fetal development, such as: Schizophrenia is more common in winter and spring births. Children whose mothers experienced malnutrition during the first trimester are more likely to develop schizophrenia. Pregnancy and birth complications increase the risk of developing schizophrenia. (Catherine Harrison, PhD, January 10, 2008) B. Drugs that remedy or lessen effects Antipsychotic and atypical antipsychotic drugs are used to treat this disorder such as: Risperidone and Clozapine among others. C. How these drugs help These medications cannot “cure” the illness, but they can take away many of the symptoms or make them milder. In some cases, they can shorten the course of an episode of the illness as well. These medications affect neurotransmitters that allow communication between nerve cells. (Bengston, M.…show more content…
Negative side effect associated with these drugs Side effects include sleepiness, weight gain, slowness, interference in your sex like, an increased chance of diabetes and Parkinsonism like side effects among others. (Royal College of Psychiatrists' © March 2012.) 4. Anxiety Disorder: There are five major classes of anxiety disorders: generalized anxiety disorders, phobic anxiety disorders, panic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (Biopsychology/Pinel/2009) A. Theories Theories suggest that these disorders are brought on by a traumatic experience, Psychological traits and genetic factors. Some anxiety disorders, like panic disorder, appear to have a stronger genetic basis than others although actual genes have not been identified. Other anxiety disorders are more rooted in stressful life events. (Biopsychology/Pinel/2009) B. Drugs that remedy or lessen effects Three categories of drugs are effective against anxiety disorders: benzodiazepines, serotonin agonists, and antidepressants. (Biopsychology/Pinel/2009) C. How these drugs
Open Document