Schizophrenia Analysis Essay

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Critical Analysis of the History and Treatment of Schizophrenia in Modern Psychology In the field of modern psychology and in American society at large schizophrenia remains a largely misunderstood mental illness since its first mention in the DSM-I under the classification of “schizophrenic reactions” (Tartakovsky, 2010). Schizophrenia, as with many mental disorders and illnesses, remains somewhat of a taboo subject in today’s culture. For that reason, it is vitally important to understand the diagnosis, along with its history, prevalence, causes, treatment and impact. Today, the DSM-V has six main criteria for diagnosis including characteristic according to Tandon et al. (2013). These criteria include the following: A. At least two…show more content…
For instance, in a case study by Shonin, Van Gordon, & Griffiths (2013) a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and meditation were used over the course of 20 weeks in order to treat a patient with schizophrenia and pathological gambling. The treatment consisted of 50-90 minute sessions in two stages: the first being CBT and the second being meditation. At the end of the 20 week treatment, significant improvement was shown in the patient's schizophrenia and gambling symptoms (Shonin, Van Gordon & Griffiths, 2013). References Bresnahan, M., Begg, M., Brown, A., Schaefer, C., Sohler, N., Insel, B., Vehla, L., & Susser, E. (2007). Race and risk of schizophrenia in a US birth cohort: Another example of health disparity? International Journal of Epidemiology, 36, 751-758. Cannon, T., Rosso, I., Hollister, M., Bearden, C., Sanchez, E., & Hadley, T. (2000). Schizophrenia Bulletin 26 (2), 351-366. Castle, D., & Murray, R. (1993). The epidemiology of late-onset schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 19 (4),…show more content…
(2005). A Systematic Review of the Prevalence of Schizophrenia. PLoS Medicine, 2(5), 141. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0020141 Selemon, L. (2001). Regionally diverse cortical pathology in schizophrenia: Clues to the etiology of the disease. Schizophrenia Bulletin 27(3), 339-377. Shonin, E., Van Gordon, W., Griffiths, M. (2014). Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and meditation awareness therapy (MAT) for the treatment of co-occurring schizophrenia and pathological gambling: A case study. International Journal of Mental Health Addiction 12, 181-196. Stafford, M., Mayo-Wilson, E., Loucas, C., James, A., Hollis, C., Birchwood, M., Kendall, T. (2015). Efficacy and safety of pharmacological and psychological interventions for the treatment of psychosis and schizophrenia in children, adolescents and young adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 10 (2) DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0117166 Tandon, R., et al. (2013). Definition and description of schizophrenia in the DSM-5. Schizophrenia Research (2013), 150(1), 3-10. Tartakovsky, M. (2011). How the DSM Developed: What You Might Not Know. Psych Central. Retrieved on April 20, 2015, from

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