Schizophrenia is a mental disorder which severely impacts the way 1% of people worldwide think, feel, and act. The term comes from the Greek, schizo meaning “splitting” and phrenia “of the mind.” Therefore, schizophrenia literally can be defined as a split mind. This disorder makes it hard for the sufferers to differentiate between real and imagined experiences. It weakens the abilities to think logically, express normal emotions, and behave properly in social situations. Schizophrenia is a serious thought disorder, which affects one’s work, family, social life, and an individual’s capacity to function. It is extremely draining on the patients, as well as the people who care for them. Schizophrenia is generally considered to be a disorder with neurodevelopmental roots reflected in findings of brain abnormalities, neurological abnormality, and neurological impairments in abstraction, executive functions, working and long-term memory, sustained and selective attention, and motor and perceptual motor functions” (Schubert & McNeil, 2005).
In 1809, John Haslam and Philip Pinel observed the first symptoms. As time went on, another researcher, B. Morel, came up with a term “démence précoce” from symptoms he observed in a little boy that translated to “early dementia.” It was still not until the 1800s when a German psychiatrist, Dr. Emil Kraeplin, had actually categorized the subtypes of the syndrome. The three subtypes are hebephrenic, catatonia, and paranoia. In the 20th century, Swiss psychiatrist, Dr. Eagan Bleuler, had a different view on the syndrome. He explained that schizophrenia might in fact be curable and possibly manifested later on in life. He also was the only one that explained schizophrenia might in fact be curable and possibly manifested later on in life. He also was the one that explained schizophrenia meant “split of the mind” and not “split of...