This is known as the cognitive development theory, as children actively construct knowledge as they manipulate and explore their world. Piaget found that elementary classroom educators must plan and develop curriculum that enhances their students’ stage of growth. For example, McClenden (2011) stated that students in the Preoperational Stage should have curriculum centered on concrete physical situations because they are not yet able to conceptualize abstractly. Likewise, teachers need to expose students to a great deal of hands-on-practice and a wide range of experiences in order to build a foundation for learning and language. Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory of education also transmits to an elementary classroom and teaching strategies.
Approach towards the theory of cognitive development was carryout by many others psychologist including lev vygotsky. The research of Piaget and vygotsky had a massive impact on education and also has assisted educators to discover the appropriate way of teaching children. In the essay I will compare and contrast the theories of jean piaget and lev vygotsky, then will evaluate the essay in understanding of child’s development by writing about the usefulness of both theories. Jean Piaget has been the most influential theorist in the field of cognitive development .According to Piaget child’s cognitive development occurs in four stages: Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations (Martin, Carlson, Buskist 2010 P. 508). As far as the theory has four stages, thus theory is called a Piaget stage theory.
Fifteen different instructional strategies are shared in this article to aid in teaching mental flexibility. This article is definitely relevant to teaching in the 21st century where there is a need for students to have the ability to view things from many perspectives. Change is a given, and this article demonstrates how we must learn to adapt our teaching techniques to help teach our students to be flexible in their thinking. Because there is such diversity in the world today, I believe that it is important for students to think critically and be able to understand the various perspectives of others. I also believe that this article gives educators numerous ideas that are easy to adapt to various teaching situations and will help students develop mental flexibility.
He focused on language and the development of internalising language; that we learn to think through and before speech, as a major influence on children’s cognitive development. He believed that personal and social experience cannot be separated and that a child’s development is not only constructed by personal development but also moulded by the child’s culture; education, family and community. He concentrated on the child’s potential learning ability and the need for experts that help a child to construct their learning and intelligence. A lot of practical applications from his theory are used in the educational system today. There are a lot of similarities in Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories.
Theories of learning underpin teachers’ classroom practice. Critically examine two or more theories analysing their implications for classroom teachers. Introduction Theories of learning fill the pages of books related to education and classroom practice, with each one offering a different account of how people learn. One of the root causes of this variation in theory is due to the fact that each theory presents its own definition of learning. However, what unites these theories is their aim to provide a guide to strong teaching practice that will lead to an improvement in the knowledge of learners.
He notes that “to prepare him for the future life means to give him command of himself; it means so to train him that he will have the full and ready use of his capabilities” (Dewey, 1897, p6). In addition to his ideas regarding what education is and what effect it should have on society, Dewey also had specific notions regarding how education should take place within the classroom. Dewey argued that the major flaw in education was is the inactivity of the student. He argues that in order for education to be most effective, content must be presented in a way that allows the student to relate the information to prior experiences, thus deepening the connection with this new knowledge (Dewey, 1902). Dewey advocated for an educational structure that strikes a balance between delivering
Piaget and Vygotsky were both influential in forming a more scientific approach to analysing the cognitive development process of the child active construction of knowledge. Both Piaget and Vygotsky agreed that children's cognitive development took place in stages. However they were distinguished by different styles of thinking. Piaget was the first to reveal that children reason and think differently at different periods in their lives. Vygotsky believed that the history of the child and the history of the child’s culture needed to be understood because it overrides the cognitive schema process that Piaget described.
Teachers need direction in order to meet academic proficiencies and to keep student’s interest (Laureate Education, Inc., 2010). After exploring several learning theories and strategies, my own teaching practices are most often modeled by several strategies and learning theories. The Constructivism Theory resonates in some of the techniques I am using in the classroom. Reflecting on student activities and the design my lessons ; I find students are most often engaged in learning activities that are student driven and lead to students constructing their own conclusions. Student often work at stations and learn through team building and planned movement.
The paragraphs also detail chronological dates of importance for each theory as well as the pros and cons of using each theory as a guide for creating instructional goals. Connecting Theory and Practice There are many educational psychologists who have contributed greatly to the field of teaching with theories of learning. The major theories of learning are behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The following table contains a broad overview of each of these learning theories. The overview contains important dates, contributors and contributions to their theory, and also the pros and cons of each theory.
Piaget and Vigotsky: Theory and Practical Applications Educational psychology investigates ways in which psychological principles can be applied to educational contexts, with an aim at enhancing learning and teaching quality (Duchesne, McMaugh, Bochner and Krause 2013 p xviii). While it is important for teachers to understand how to order subject matter and convey it to students, it is equally important that they understand how their students process information, and how students’ minds develop over time. This essay will give an overview of the theories of two of the most influential thinkers in educational psychology: Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. It will go on to discuss some practical applications of these theories by looking at the work done by Michael Shayer in schools in Great Britain. It will be shown that educational psychology has helped create a much greater understanding of how children’s minds develop and that this greater understanding has led to tangible, ‘real world’ strategies for improving the way children are educated.