Ever since its invention in the late 18th century, the bass clarinet has evolved into the instrument that is used in orchestras and bands. The bass clarinet is made of grenadilla wood or African blackwood and is approximately 4 1/2 feet long. The first bass clarinet was invented in 1793 by Heinrich Gresner of Dresden, Germany. He was a pioneer clarinet maker who was interested in enhancing the range of the clarinet. His first bass clarinet had nine keys and was pitched in B major.
Vivaldi was progressive musically. He established the concerto form as an instrumental standard, played with the idea that the soloist was at war with the larger orchestra and using the contrasts to dramatic effect, not only between players but in speed and volume levels as well, and he pushed the envelope on violin technique, something in which he probably remained untouched. His usual writing style was antiphony, a simple style, which allowed him to experiment with instrument solos and maintain a light and innocent texture to the music. Vivaldi was one of the rare Italian composers interested in woodwind instruments. He composed several concertos for the bassoon, oboe, recorder and flute, as well as the rarer clarinet.
Saxophone The Saxophone is a group of instruments within the woodwind family, consisting of many different types, all a similar conical shape, excluding the soprano, utilizing a single reed in the mouthpiece similar to a clarinets. There are 4 main or more commonly used types of saxophones, which include; the Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Baritone saxophones. History of The Saxophone The saxophone was invented by a Belgian, Antoine-Joseph (Adolphe) Sax, born on November 6, 1814 in Dinant. His father was an expert maker of musical instruments. As a child he learned to make instruments, His father's passion for creating instruments had such an influence on him that at the age of six, Adolphe had already become an expert.
He was born on August 27, 1909. Around 1920 he moved to Minneapolis with his father, Willis Handy Young. Lester’s father had the most influence on him as a musician because his father taught him the love of music by teaching him how to play different instruments. Lester studied violin, trumpet, and drums until he decided to dedicate his heart to the saxophone. He began to master the alto saxophone by the age of thirteen.
Ars Nova The Ars Nova in France was started by Philip de Vitry around 1310 and continued through the 1370’s. Ars Nova was known as the “new art” signifying the new French musical style. It made many improvements in music notation and style, however many people were against this and strongly supported the “ancient art”. The new notation required an open mind and reconstruction of musical time. The first change to be made was allowing the “imperfect” and “perfect” divisions of note values and the second divided the semibreve into minims allowing more rhythmic flexibility and new meters, creating for the first time syncopation.
His father, Mathais, was a wheelwright who played the harp, and his mother Maria, was a cook for count Karl Anton Harrach. It was a family custom to call their children by their second name. Thus Joseph Haydn was his name. Joseph Haydn was a choirboy in St. Stephen’s Cathedral by the age of nine. He later was kicked at the age of seventeen out of the choir because he’s amazing voice had matured and he could no longer sing the higher notes.
Chantal Taylor Dance 203 2 September 2013 Famous jazz teachers and dancers Bob Fosse was a famous actor, film director, screenwriter, dancer and musical theatre choreographer. He was born on June 23, 1927 in Chicago Illinois. He was the second youngest of six children. When he was younger he teamed up with another young dancer and started a group called “The Riff Brothers,” and they toured around the Chicago area. During the 1950’s, Fosse moved to New York, hoping he will he will become the new Fred Astaire.
He was playing piano concertos at the age of eight. Chopin became a successful composer, teacher and performer in Vienna and Paris. His piano music includes Polish folk music and dances such as the mazurka and polonaise, and reflects his love of his homeland. Chopin composed Prelude Number 15 whilst isolated in a monastery in Vallderosa in Spain because he had tuberculosis, an extremely infectious disease at the time. He died about a year later in Paris at the age of 39.
French composer Maurice Ravel is often associated with Debussy as an impressionist whose music encompasses a variety of influences while carrying traditional forms, diatonic melodies and complex harmonies within a tonal language. This language was developed at an early age, as Ravel was born into a musically nurturing environment and began music lessons at the age of six, giving his first recital at the age of fourteen, and would ultimately attend the Conservatoire de Paris as a piano major. This essay will outline Rapsodie Espagnole (1908), one of Ravel’s major works for orchestra. The Rapsodie Espagnole, composed during 1907-08 was first performed in the middle of March 1908 in Paris. The work is scored for an orchestra of 2 piccolos, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 3 bassoons, sarrusophone (oboe/bassoon mixed breed), 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, castanets, tambourine, gong, snare drum, celesta, 2 harps and strings.
The first recording of music was done in the 9th century when the Banu Musa brothers invented a hydropowered organ and later on also invented an automatic flute. In the 14th century Flanders invented a mechanical bell-ringer controlled by rotating cylinder, which later were used in musical clocks, barrel pianos and music boxes. All of these instruments played music but couldn’t play it back. The first instrument that was capable of recording music was the phonautograph by Edouard-Leon Scott de Martinville. In 1876 the player piano was invented; this piano had a punched paper with fifty eight holes which moved over a tracker ball.