Saxophone Essay

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The Saxophone The saxophone is a “conical-bored transposing musical instrument” a part of the woodwind family. It is made out of brass and uses a single reed mouthpiece. This instrument proved very popular in the military band but is renowned for its use in blues, jazz and big band music. The saxophone was invented in 1841 by Adolphe Sax. Adolphe Sax was born on Nov. 6, 1814 in Dinant. He was the son of an instrument maker, so at a young age he watched and studied the instruments. Adolphe also studied the clarinet and the flute at Brussels’ Conservatory. During this time he started creating plans to improve the tone of the bass clarinet. He came up with a genius idea that used only a single reed and was constructed from metal that had a conical bore and which over blew on the octave. It would have the projection of a bass instrument but with the mobility of a woodwind. Adolphe Sax combined the single reed mouthpiece similar to a clarinet, a conical brass body like an ophicleide (his own invention prior to this work) and would then include the acoustic ability of the flute to create what we now call the C bass saxophone. On June 28 1846 Sax received a 15-year patent for 14 versions of his design, these where split into two different categories of seven instruments each, these ranged from sopranino to contrabass. When Adolphe’s patent expired in 1886, countless saxophonists and instrument makers started making changes to the Saxophone. A French maker extended the bell and added a key to extend the saxophone’s range downwards by one. Many other manufacturers changed the whole key work. Adolphe Sax had made the original key work very simple, which made legato passage playing very difficult to play. Developers added extra keys and alternate fingering to help saxophonists with chromatic playing. Embouchure Everyone has heard the corny jokes about
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