With their light brown wooden paperclip shapes, they looked more like bassoons. In 1838, Adolphe Sax un-raveled the clarinet body, and it became the straight instrument we know it as today. Despite the fact that the bass clarinet has been around for a while, the first solo recital was not performed on it until 1955, when Josef Horák marked history by being the first professional player to dedicate an entire recital to the instrument. Bass clarinets are commonly made of plastic or African hardwood with the keys, bell and rods constructed of nickel, silver or other composite metal. The mouthpiece, which holds the reed, is made of plastic, resin, hard rubber or other composite material.
Saxophone The Saxophone is a group of instruments within the woodwind family, consisting of many different types, all a similar conical shape, excluding the soprano, utilizing a single reed in the mouthpiece similar to a clarinets. There are 4 main or more commonly used types of saxophones, which include; the Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Baritone saxophones. History of The Saxophone The saxophone was invented by a Belgian, Antoine-Joseph (Adolphe) Sax, born on November 6, 1814 in Dinant. His father was an expert maker of musical instruments. As a child he learned to make instruments, His father's passion for creating instruments had such an influence on him that at the age of six, Adolphe had already become an expert.
He composed several concertos for the bassoon, oboe, recorder and flute, as well as the rarer clarinet. Woodwind instruments had become an integral part of Northern European orchestras, but the trend hadn't made it to Italy, where the violin was king. It is partly through Vivaldi's interactions with travellers to Venice and his own travels to Germany and France that led him to explore woodwinds. It is likely that Vivaldi played some of these instruments as well. Vivaldi’s orchestra in the Bassoon concerto consisted of a bassoon, Violin 1 and 2, Viola, Cello, and Bass.
Cyclical Literature in early19th Century A song cycle is a group of songs designed to perform in a sequence during classical music. All of the songs are by the same composer and often use words from the same poet, lyricist, or relating a story. Each song sang separately, but the composer imagined that they would be performed together as one work. They are for solo voice and piano accompaniment, however, they also can be without accompaniment or instruments. It started before the Romantic period, but it become popular with German composers of the nineteenth century.
Pre-Christian drawings of the early flute appear on Roman artifacts. Additional works of art, including two Etruscan reliefs which date from the second and third centuries B.C., clearly showed cross flutes being played. Theobald Boehm, a German flute maker and musicin, developed the first cylindrical metal flute in 1832. This was the most widely used model in the 20th century. The cylindrical Boehm flute is made of metal or wood and has thirteen or more tone holes controlled by a system of padded keys which Boehm created.
By 16, he made the successful choice to switch to the baritone saxophone and was then involved in the Lucky Thompson’s band in 1947. His music has been described as being “very long, tumbling, double-time melodic lines. And that raw, piercing, bark-like timbre”. He had an amazing ability to play the difficult baritone at very fast paces of hard bop music like no other player had before. Some of his most famous songs include; Binary, Alone Together, and Now in Our lives.
Jimmie Lunceford “Manteca” by Dizzy Gillespie starts with the intro part, which has 8-bar form. The trombone and the drum start the introduction with up beat. The First chorus starts with trumpet and in background the drum keep playing the beat. I think this music is A(16) A(16) form. If you listen to it you might say A(8) but if you listen to the music Carefully, the music is slightly different which makes it same part to be A(16).
He was playing piano concertos at the age of eight. Chopin became a successful composer, teacher and performer in Vienna and Paris. His piano music includes Polish folk music and dances such as the mazurka and polonaise, and reflects his love of his homeland. Chopin composed Prelude Number 15 whilst isolated in a monastery in Vallderosa in Spain because he had tuberculosis, an extremely infectious disease at the time. He died about a year later in Paris at the age of 39.
The first recording of music was done in the 9th century when the Banu Musa brothers invented a hydropowered organ and later on also invented an automatic flute. In the 14th century Flanders invented a mechanical bell-ringer controlled by rotating cylinder, which later were used in musical clocks, barrel pianos and music boxes. All of these instruments played music but couldn’t play it back. The first instrument that was capable of recording music was the phonautograph by Edouard-Leon Scott de Martinville. In 1876 the player piano was invented; this piano had a punched paper with fifty eight holes which moved over a tracker ball.
French composer Maurice Ravel is often associated with Debussy as an impressionist whose music encompasses a variety of influences while carrying traditional forms, diatonic melodies and complex harmonies within a tonal language. This language was developed at an early age, as Ravel was born into a musically nurturing environment and began music lessons at the age of six, giving his first recital at the age of fourteen, and would ultimately attend the Conservatoire de Paris as a piano major. This essay will outline Rapsodie Espagnole (1908), one of Ravel’s major works for orchestra. The Rapsodie Espagnole, composed during 1907-08 was first performed in the middle of March 1908 in Paris. The work is scored for an orchestra of 2 piccolos, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 3 bassoons, sarrusophone (oboe/bassoon mixed breed), 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, castanets, tambourine, gong, snare drum, celesta, 2 harps and strings.