Satire Essay

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Types of Satire & Satiric Devices There are two types of satire: Horatian and Juvenalian Horatian satire is: tolerant, witty, wise and self-effacing Juvenalian satire is: angry, caustic, resentful, personal Satiric Devices 1. Humor A. exaggeration: the formalized walk of Charlie Chaplin, the facial and body contortions of Jim Carrey B. understatement: Fielding’s description of a grossly fat and repulsively ugly Mrs. Slipslop: “She was not remarkably handsome.” C. incongruity D. deflation: the English professor mispronounces a word, the President slips and bangs his head leaving the helicopter, etc. E. linguistic games: malapropisms, weird rhymes, etc. F. surprise: twist endings, unexpected events 2. Irony: Literary device in which there is an incongruity or discordance between what one says or does, and what one means or what is generally understood. 3. Invective: name calling, personal abuse, etc. 4. Mock Encomium: praise which is only apparent and which suggests blame instead 5. Grotesque: creating a tension between laughter and horror or revulsion; the essence of all “sick humor: or “black humor” 6. Comic Juxtaposition: linking together with no commentary items which normally do not go together; Pope’s line in Rape of the Lock: “Puffs, patches, bibles, and billet-doux” 7. Mock Epic/Mock Heroic: using elevated diction and devices from the epic or the heroic to deal with low or trivial subjects 8. Parody: mimicking the style and/or techniques of something or someone else 9. Inflation: taking a real-life situation and blowing it out of proportion to make it ridiculous and showcase its faults 10. Diminution: taking a real-life situation and reducing it to make it ridiculous and showcase its

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