Saratoga Essay

550 WordsFeb 23, 20133 Pages
The Battle of Saratoga, comprising two significant battles during September and October of 1777, was a crucial victory for the Patriots during the American Revolution and is considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War. The Battle was the reason for France to enter the war against Britain, re-invigorating Washington’s Continental Army and providing much needed supplies and support.The turning point in the Revolutionary War began as a plan by the British to strategically control Upstate New York and isolate New England from the Southern colonies in an effort to decisively put an end to the Revolution. It ended as an opportunity the Patriots were waiting for.British troops led by General John Burgoyne, planned to drive south from Montreal to Albany, NY along the historic water route of Lake Champlain, Lake George and the Hudson River. Once in Albany, they would join forces with two other British commands, one coming north from New York City and the other coming east along the Mohawk River valley.Burgoyne’s advance south faltered in the forests near the Lake George area. Colonist troops were felling trees and blocking Burgoyne’s path, slowing the British considerably. By the time Burgoyne reached Fort Edward, they were running low on supplies. A detachment was sent to procure cattle and supplies from nearby Vermont, and were subsequently were over run by Colonist forces, further dwindling Burgoyne’s numbers. Separately, the British that were traveling North from New York City under the command of General Howe, decided to veer from the plan and ‘take’ Philadelphia, which they did, however, Washington’s Continental Army retreated to York and prevented Howe from leaving and joining forces with Burgoyne. In addition, Washington realized that a major battle was shaping up, and sent troops north. He also put the word out that any Militia that could join the troops

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