Sanity vs. Insanity

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Theme Presentation Sanity vs. Insanity Theme Statement: Madness is a useful tool for Hamlet as it helps them reveal the truth. In the play Ophelia and Hamlet ignore all social boundaries as a result of madness. Introduction: When the ghost of his father appears initially triggers his madness. He then harnesses his madness to trap Claudius. This act of madness unfortunately leads to the unintentional death of Polonius. However, madness can have a positive effect when it is a form of expression of truth and a way to bring out justice. Conclusion: Madness is a useful tool as it helps reveal the truth by ignoring social boundaries. However, when madness is not genuine it can lead to chaos. Act 5 Quotations Give me your pardon, sir. I’ve done you wrong. But pardon’t, as you are a gentleman. This presence knows, And you must needs have heard, how I am punished With sore distraction.What have I done, That might your nature, honor, and exception Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness. Was’t Hamlet wronged Laertes? Never Hamlet. If Hamlet from himself be ta’en away, And when he’s not himself does wrong Laertes, Then Hamlet does it not. Hamlet denies it. Who does it, then? His madness. If’t be so, Hamlet is of the faction that is wronged. His madness is poor Hamlet’s enemy. (5.2.217) Therefore, Hamlet is essentially begging Laertes for forgiveness. He says that he feels bad about the act that he has committed but he blames it all on his madness. His madness killed Polonius, not Hamlet himself. Speaker: Hamlet Context: It has been assumed by the other characters that leading up to this part of the play Hamlet has gone mad. Each character has their own speculation of why he has gone mad but the readers of the play know that Hamlet is putting on an

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