Anthem In the novella Anthem by Ayn Rand, she writes about a society where there is no individuality and citizens are controlled by the government. The philosophical belief of the government is that everyone is equal and they enforce this rule on the people in their society. Anthem portraits the loss of individuality in a society where conformity and communal identity are demanded. The people have no say in anything. In Anthem the people cannot choose their own jobs, it is all specified by the Council of Vocations and people have no say in it.
Equality. Chapter 3 “Whether the General Will is Fallible”: The Individuals that are a part of the Sovereignty must put aside their personal wants and desires (aka Individual Wills), and find the common ground with everyone else that is in the Sovereignty (aka the General Will). The General Will, bc it represents the unification of all of the individuals, it cannot be fallible (wrong). Chapter 4 : The Limits of the Sovereign Power: The Sovereign cannot perform tasks/grant allowances that benefit anyone other than the entire whole society. Personal benefits are not capable.
In the opinion of Locke, if a man is under the power of law or rule, it should only be through his own consent or permission. In John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government, Locke describes man as a person who strives to be free from any superior power. The liberty of man in life is to be under no power, unless the man gives permission to be under rule. Locke states, “The liberty of man in society is to be under no other legislative power but that established by consent in the commonwealth; not under the dominion of nay will or restraint of any law, but what the legislative shall enact according to the trust put in it” (11). Here, Locke is describing that man’s liberty in life is that man is not and does not have to be under any kind of rule, except that to which he gives permission.
Gandhi was neither super-human nor special or divine. Those that looked to him for direction really embraced and found strength in the idea that they were “human” just like him. Gandhi states that “Individual liberty and interdependence are both essential to life in society,” and he links these two ideas. Despite often being depicted as mutually exclusive, these two ideas are very much an integral part of the teachings that Gandhi tried to get his followers to understand and relate to. People, by their very existence, are meant to be free and maintain a level of individual liberty.
From his theories the only way we can know things for sure is through cause and effect. One must experience something in order to come up with a spot-on conclusion. In order to experience one thing there has to be a cause, and from the reading, it is said that God is an uncaused cause; because God is an uncaused caused it is not valid to say he possibly exists. This is Hume’s argument, and if broken down we see in some way he does have a point. Every living thing on this earth must have a cause, God is said to be an uncaused cause (which means nothing caused God, but God caused everything), but many say that God is existing and if this is possibly valid he must have to exist.
Civic Involvement – A Founding Principle of American Values In The Founders’ Embrace of Both Rights and Duties, Thomas West does an excellent job of explaining John Locke’s theories regarding government and citizenship. Of course Locke was arguably the strongest influence to the Founders and the formation of the American Republic. The first concept is that duty is implied in ones’ “unalienable rights”. One can pursue life, liberty, and happiness, as long as they are not infringing on anyone else’s life or liberty. One’s first interest is self-preservation, but “Lockean self-interest proves to be inseparable from service to others.” (West, 2008, p. 594) Locke also speaks of Biblical principles where a man born free must work for himself and not live off the labor of others.
It states, "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." The entire human race is born equal so, no one man is more deserving or more superior to another. Those Americans being oppressed feel powerless which makes them unable to carry out their dreams and make their hopes a reality. But it is up to those suffering to “bring back their mighty dream again”. As a black American, Langston Hughes speaks on behalf of all American
He, along with a great number of people, had redeemed their perspectives in life with the prejudices that the government instructed. Besides, the government was the one in control, the one they should follow because for people like him, the government was a god. In his mind, the government should not be disrespected in any way. This
He is known to be a very concentrated and efficient worker, who never smokes nor drinks. Mr. Fitweiler, the employer, always trusted Mr. Martin. Mr. Fitweiler employs a new advisor, Miss Barrows, she was reordering the whole firm, causes a lot of employees to lose their jobs. Mr. Martin sees it as a threat and decided to kill her. Mr. Martin uses imagination to create his plan.
He believed it was right that everyone stay in their place and work together for the common good of the state and its citizens, and similarly to Socrates, believed it to be unacceptable to disobey those in a higher position than yourself. While each of the philosopher’s views has their merits, and each has something to contribute to society, I do not personally agree with either of their views in full. I do not agree with submission to authority without question, because the leaders of any state are just as human as their