Salt Exercise Essay

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Anette Santana * Ch.26 - Salt Exercise 7/8/14 Salt Exercise There are different types of definitions for salt. Salt is either a white crystalline substance that gives seawater its characteristic taste and is used for seasoning or preserving food. In this case salt is any chemical compound formed from the reaction of an acid replaced by a metal or other caution. Salt Is composed of the negative of an acid and positive ion of a base. One cool thing about naming salts is the names are related to the name of the acid that forms it. Binary acids produce salts ending with ide. Ternary acids ending in ic produce salts ending with ate . Ternary acids ending in ous produce salts ending with ite. Any prefixes in the ternary acid remain in the salt name. In naming acidic and basic salts, each ion in the salt is named separately. Here are some names of salts * acidic anhydride + base → salt SO3 + 2NaOH → Na2SO4 + H2O * basic anhydride + acid → salt Na2O + H2SO4 → Na2SO4 + H2O * basic anhydride + acidic anhydride → salt Na2O + SO3 → Na2SO4 * CaCl2 - calcium chloride * K2SO4 - potassium sulfate * NaHC2O4 - sodium hydrogen oxalate * NaHS - sodium hydrogen sulfide * NaH2PO4 - sodium dihydrogen phosphate * Sn(OH)NO3 - tin (II) hydroxide nitrate Salts are composed of the negative of an acid and positive ion of a base. Salts are formed by a chemical reaction .A base & an acid, a metal & an acid, a metal & a non-metal a base & acid anhydride, an acid and a basic anhydride are chemical reactions forming salts. Salts can be either soluble or not soluble depending on the ion interacts with the solvent. Salts of sodium, potassium, ammonium, nitrates, barium sulfate and calcium sulfate. The rules of solubility 1. Salts containing Group I elements (Li+, Na+, K+, Cs+, Rb+) are soluble . There are few

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