Salmonella Essay

400 WordsMar 10, 20122 Pages
Salmonella SCI/163 December 19, 2011 Tina Coleman MPH Salmonella Salmonella is any of several rod-shaped, facultative anaerobic bacteria of the genus Salmonella that may enter the digestive tract of humans and other mammals through contaminated food (“Dictionary.com”, 2011). People may get infected with salmonella when they eat food that has been contaminated with feces of an animal. Also if a person has not washed their hands thoroughly, after touching contaminated foods, it can be spread to other foods the person touches. Salmonella has also been found in pet’s feces such as cats, dogs, birds, chickens, lizards, and other reptiles. A study given by the Pennsylvania Department of Health and the Center for Disease Control in September 2008 showed that small turtles were carrying the salmonella strain. This multistate study reported that 25 states reported 135 cases of salmonella. Thirty-seven percent of 70 of these cases were exposed to turtles by touching; kissing, feeding, or the turtle wandered their home and majority of the cases were children less than the age of five (“MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report”, 2010). Selling small turtles has been prohibited in the United States since 1975 but has not been enforced. The symptoms of the salmonella disease include stomach pains, fever, and harsh diarrhea. The illness usually does not last no more than seven days. There is no treatment for salmonella, but if the symptoms last longer than seven days and, the diarrhea is an ongoing, antibiotics may be given and rehydration methods. There are many ways to prevent further outbreaks. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after contact with raw meat and products, animals, reptiles, and feces. Do not eat raw or undercooked foods, such as raw eggs, hamburger meat that is still pink in the middle, and raw fish. Cook foods thoroughly.

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