In the Salem Witch Trials, Sarah Good, Sarah Osbourne and Tituba were the first three women to be accused of witchcraft for allegedly afflicting Betty Paris and Abigail Williams, two young girls, with a demonic disease. They had been accused of witchcraft out of rumors about their “outcast” natures and eccentricities by other girls and were sent to jail despite any tangible evidence of their alleged connection with witchcraft. A spread of accusations arose within Salem following their arrest, most of which had their basis in rumor rather than on concrete evidence. During the period of McCarthyism, Senator Joseph McCarthy accused two hundred and five people of being “card carrying” communists in a speech in Wheeling, Virginia. He accused government employees,
In 1692 Salem Massachusetts was well established with Puritans. Anxiety has been with the Puritans from the very beginning. Afraid of death by starvation, diseases, and savages. The Puritans began to see that they were losing their place in the world and that both the devils and the Indians were lined against them. The fear allows the witch trial hysteria to take over.
John Proctor’s true major downfall proceeds later in the story when Abigail starts to accuse villagers of also being witches. Among the accused, was Elizabeth Proctor. During her trial, John Proctor stood up against Abigail, which allowed him to become one of her prime targets. John Proctor is then also accused of witchcraft and is sentenced to death by the noose. When comparing the theatrical story to real life, there are a few parallels that don’t exactly match up.
The three women were arrested on March 1st and examined in front of the accusers at a special public session. Sarah Good and Sarah Osbourne denied everything, while Tituba produced an imaginative confession, naming more people as instruments of Satan. Sarah Osbourne died awaiting trial, while Tituba’s confession saved her life. Those who
In the course of the play, one of the major characters John Proctor, goes through changes and faces multiple challenges. John Proctor is one of the local farmers, and is well known in the town. One of his hidden sins is that he committed adultery with a young girl named Abigail Williams; who was the leader of the group of girls that were pretending to be at the hands of witchcraft. John Proctor knew that he could expose Abigail as being a fraud but he was hesitant to do so because it would reveal his secret to the town. In addition, he and his wife, Elizabeth, are going through a rough time in their marriage where there’s an obvious sense of distance between them.
Between 1645 and 1647, England was in the midst of it's most serious witchcraft outbreak. Several hundred people were hanged with approximately 90 percent of them being women. In 1656, a widow residing in Boston was called to stand before the elected officials and representatives in Massachusettes County Court. Her name was Ann Hibbens and although she desperately plead innocent, even after having her case re-tried, she was once again convicted by the jury and by the words of Governor John Endicott, she was to “goe from the barr to the place whence she came, and from thence to the place of execution, and there to hang till she was dead.” Five weeks later, Ann Hibbens was executed as a witch. It was no shock to New Englanders that a woman be executed for witchcraft, they had already witnessed 'Hibbens Fate' with sixteen previous executions in the decade before, which included between eight and nine women and one man.
Hysteria in Salem In 1692, in Salem Massachusetts, the superstition of witches existed in a society of strong Christian beliefs. Anybody who acted out of the ordinary was accused of being a witch and the accused would actually be forgiven if they blamed their accusations on another individual. In this play, a group of young girls is accused of being witches. These girls then blame other people in order to get out of trouble and even pretend to be "bewitched" in front of the court during a trial. This leads into the deaths of the innocent people who are accused and automatically found guilty.
Cooney uses MacBeth to prove her thesis; whereas, Lee uses the character Bob Ewell to prove her thesis, and Shakespeare uses Tybalt to prove his argument. In the book Enter Three Witches, Cooney uses the character Lord MacBeth to prove that people who are power hungry and dislike others eventually meet a violent end. In the book, MacBeth is a king who gets his turn on the throne after the death of Scotland’s two previous kings. Lord MacBeth was a terrible and unfair king. He killed many people including innocent children in order to inherit his power.
Reverend John Hale “The Crucible” is a tale of witches, death, greed, lies and infidelity. In “The Crucible,” by Arthur Miller, it plays out the events of the witch hunt trials in Salem, Massachusetts, during the spring of 1692. Led by seventeen-year-old Abigail Williams, a group of young girls claim to have been bewitched by members of the town. With only the testament of the “afflicted” girls, people are accused and forced to either confess to witchcraft or be hanged. By the time it is all over, countless numbers of people are accused and nineteen men, women, and children, are hanged.
Anthony 11/3/13 The Crucible as an Allegory English 101 In 1953, American playwright Arthur Miller produced a play titled, The Crucible. It takes place in 17th century Salem, a small town in colonial Massachusetts. The play focuses on the actual events known as the Salem Witch Trials, in which dozens of people in and around the town of Salem were wrongfully and chaotically accused of witchcraft, Satanism, and devil worship by a group of teenage girls. It is firmly established that the play is an allegory of the hysteria and chaos that took place throughout the events of the Red Scare in the United States during the Cold War; a period in which politicians and ring leaders also wrongfully accused numerous amounts of people for supporting communism. It makes perfect sense as to why Miller wrote The Crucible allegorically to these events, 1953 was a time in which American fear and madness concerning communism was frankly getting out of control, just as the experiences in Salem were in the 1690s.